DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20222223
Published: 2022-08-26

Prevalence of post COVID-19 syndrome

Riddhi S. Shroff, Jaspreet Kaur Talwar, Manish M. Ray

Abstract


Background: Post COVID-19 syndrome is a condition where symptoms from the acute infection continue to persist after several weeks of testing negative on RT-PCR. It has been divided into 2 stages- post-acute and post chronic COVID-19, where symptoms continue to persist after 3 and 12 weeks respectively. The most common are fatigue, breathlessness, arthralgia, myalgia, chest pain, headache, concentration problems, etc. Different treatment techniques like breathing exercises, strengthening and stretching as well as cardiovascular endurance exercises can be given to improve their quality of life.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 150 COVID-19 survivors who are in the time-span of more than 3 weeks after testing negative on RT-PCR. A validated questionnaire was circulated via online platforms. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics.

Results: Data analysis showed that there was a 39.33% prevalence of post COVID-19 syndrome among the Indian population. The standard deviation of age was 33.96±13.954. It is found that high levels of fatigue (28.2%), myalgia (12.9%), cough (10.3%), headache (7.7%) and breathlessness (7.7%) still exist post 3 weeks of COVID-19 infection. In the case of post 12 weeks of COVID-19 infection, symptoms like fatigue (19%), avascular necrosis of femur (AVN) (12.6%), arthralgia (10.8%), myalgia (9%), problems with concentration (9%) and brain fog (7.2%) still persist.

Conclusions: The study confirms the occurrence of long-term COVID-19 effects in the Indian population, and a 39.33% prevalence of post COVID-19 syndrome.


Keywords


Corona-virus, COVID-19, Fatigue, Indian, Myalgia, Post COVID-19 syndrome

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References


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