DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20150936

A community based cross sectional study of breastfeeding practices of nursing mothers at block Phagi, district Jaipur (Rajasthan)

Bharat Meharda, Mukul Dixit

Abstract


Background: Children are god gifted to society and we are responsible for every need of children. We can give them proper nourishments, care and good health. Breast milk is optimal food for the new born. Breastfeeding is one of the most important determinants of child survival, prevention of childhood infections.

Methods:Community based cross sectional study was conducted at block Phagi, Jaipur, (Raj.), India on 300 mothers having children between 6 months to 24 months of age. Self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information on breastfeeding practices.

Results: Out of 300 nursing mothers, majority of the participants 129 (43.00%) were the age group of 18-23 years followed by 118 (39.33%) from 24-29 years of age group. Majority of study participants 110 (36.66%) were illiterate. 156 (52.00%) participants were belonged to V SES. Large number of 188 (62.66%) of infants had pre-lacteal feeds. 202 (67.33%) of children had not Exclusive Breast Fed.

Conclusions:This study relived that need to creating an awareness of the demerit of pre-lacteal feeds and advantages of colostrum, exclusive breastfeeding in rural area.


Keywords


Colostrum, Exclusive breastfeeding, Pre-lacteal feeds

Full Text:

PDF

References


Hiregoudar V, Hemagiri K, Goud G. Breast feeding practices in Bellary, Karnataka: A hospital based study. J Pub Health Med Res. 2013;1(2):76-80.

Ramesh K, Kumar KP. Knowledge and Attitude of Post Natal Mothers towards Breast Feeding in A Tertiary Care Hospital, Bellary, Karnataka. International J Sci Res. 2014;3(4):368-70.

WHO, Infant and young child feeding Model Chapter for textbooks for medical students and allied health professionals.

http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/44117/1/9789241597494_eng.pdf?ua=1&ua=1. Assessed on 02/07/2015.

WHO, Nutrition topics, exclusive breastfeeding, http://www.who.int/nutrition/topics/exclusive breastfeeding/en/. Assessed on 01/07/2015.

Shrivastava P, Saha I, Nandy S. A study on feeding practice of under 6 months infants attending the Nutrition Clinic of a tertiary care hospital of West Bengal, India, Epidemiology Biostatistics and Public Health. 2013;10(2):1-6.

Park K. Park’s Text book of Preventive & Social Medicine. M/s Banarsids Bhanot. 2011:488-497.

Government of India. National guidelines on infant and young child feeding: Ministry of women and child development (food and nutrition board). 2006:9-28.

Singh J, Vishakantamurthy DG, Charan PM. Breastfeeding practices among lactating mothers: Problems and prospects in a cross-sectional study. International J Health & Allied Sci. 2012;1(2):54-8.

Thamizhvanan EP, Ganesh K, Chaitanya BL. A quasi experimental study to assess the effectiveness of educational package on knowledge regarding breastfeeding among primigravidae mothers: a study from southern India. Asia Pacific J Res. 2015;1(24):66-72.

Victora CG, Smith PG, Vaughan JP, Nobre LC, Lombardi C, Teixeira AM. Evidence for protection against infant deaths from infectious diseases in Brazil. The Lancet. 1987;330(8554):319-22.

Subbiah N, Jeganathan A. Socio-cultural beliefs influencing breastfeeding practices among primi postnatal mothers residing in urban slum area of Delhi, Health and Population-Perspectives and Issues. 2012;35(2):61-73.

WHO. E-library of evidence for nutrition actions (eLENA), Early initiation of breastfeeding. CET. 2015;09:01.

National Family Health Survey, 2005-2006 (NFHS-3) India. International Institute of Population Sciences, Mumbai. 274-287.

Shaili V, Parul S, Kandpal SD, Jayanti S, Srivastava A, et al. A community based study on breastfeeding practices in rural area of Uttarakhand. National J community med. 2012;3(2):283-6.

Goswami A. Analytical study of prevalent and traditional pre-lacteal feeding practices and their relevance, Indian journal of preventive and social medicine. 2009;40:218-24.

Das N, Chattopadhyay D, Chakraborty S, Dasgupta A. Infant and Young Child Feeding Perceptions and Practices among Mothers in a Rural Area of West Bengal. India annals of medical and health sciences research. 2013;3(3):370-5.

Infant and young child feeding guidelines. Indian academy of paediatrics. 2010;47:996.

Fact sheet Rajasthan, District level household and facility survey 3, Ministry of health and family welfare, Govt. Of India, 2007 – 2008, P 4.

Mahmood SE, Srivastava A, Shrotriya VP, Mishra P. Infant feeding practices in the rural population of north India. Journal of Family and Community Medicine. 2012;19(2):130-5.

Dandekar RH, Shafee M, Kumar R. Breastfeeding and weaning practices among literate mothers A community based study in rural area of Perambalur taluk, Tamil Nadu. The Health Agenda. 2014;2(1):15-21.

Wadde SK, Vedpathak VL, Yadav VB. Breast feeding practices in rural Mothers of Maharashtra. International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology. 2011;1(3):115-9.