Common types and presentations of pediatric rashes in the primary care

Hanan Mohammed Ayoub, Nouf Nawaf Simsim, Hawazin Salem Alqahtani, Abdulkhaliq Ibrahim Alzahrani, Rashed Farhan Alfaifi, Sarah Ibrahim Summan, Aisha Abdouh Alfaqeeh, Raghad Ali Alsufyani, Fatimah Ahmed Alamri, Hatim Ahmed Al-Shotairy, Ahmed Ibrahim Alburaidi


Many types of rashes have been reported in the literature, and therefore, the diagnosis might be misleading because it needs adequate knowledge about clinical manifestations. Furthermore, it is well-known that, although some types of rashes might have distinct features that can lead to diagnose the underlying cases easily, these features are not always present in all of the reported cases, which might also contribute to the misdiagnosis of these conditions. The present literature review aims to report the most common types and presentations of pediatric rashes in primary care. We have discussed atopic dermatitis, molluscum contagiosum, scarlet fever, pityriasis rosea, and exanthema subitum. Establishing a proper diagnosis between the different lesions is essential before making the diagnosis and planning the management approaches. Some of these lesions are usually self-limited. However, some of them might be associated with serious complications if neglected and were not adequately treated. Besides, the prevalence of these conditions seems to be high among the pediatric population, and therefore, planning for future interventional approaches is critical for adequate management and improved general healthcare status.


Pityriasis rosea, Molluscum contagiosum, Atopic dermatitis, Generalized rash, Pediatrics, Rash, Scarlet fever

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