Determinants of healthcare quality in single-payer healthcare system countries

Nouf S. Al Saied, Musaed S. Al Ali


Background: The quality of healthcare system in any country is essential for the wellbeing of its population. Improving the quality of the healthcare sector would lead to a healthier population and thus more productive nation and stronger economy. The level of healthcare quality depends on both economic and non-economic factors. Addressing the level of effect these factors on healthcare quality would facilitate policy makers’ tasks in achieving that goal.

Method: This study is based on the 2019 data of 29 countries that adapt single-payer healthcare system. Pearson correlation matrix is used to examine the relation of a number of variables with healthcare quality, measured by life expectancy, in these countries.

Results: The results from this research showed that literacy rate, digital adaptation, pollution level, corruption level, healthcare expenditure (HE) per capita, GDP per capita, healthcare expenditure as a percentage of GDP all showed a strong relation at the 99% confidence level while the number of physicians per 1000 showed statistically significant relation with healthcare quality at the 95% confidence level. While all factors showed direct relation, pollution and corruption showed an inverse relation.

Conclusions: Improving the quality of the healthcare sector is the goal of any government since it would lead to better and stronger economy. While economic factors play a role in achieving that goal, other non-economic factors can also have the same effect in achieving that goal. 


Single-payer healthcare system, Healthcare quality, Life expectancy, HE, Pollution, Corruption

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