Prevalence of type-II diabetes mellitus in relation to dietary habits and anthropometric status among adults

Anglica Kanaujia, Arun Kumar, Seema Jain, Ganesh Singh, Chhaya Mittal


Background: Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic-cum-vascular syndrome characterized by predominant insulin resistance with varying degrees of insulin secretory defect. It is more common in overweight and obese individuals of middle to late age but is increasingly being seen in younger age groups and in those with lower BMI as well. To determine the prevalence of type-II diabetes mellitus (DM) in relation to dietary habits among adult population of urban Meerut and to study anthropometric status associated with type-II diabetes mellitus.

Methods: The present study was conducted in the field practice area of urban health training centre, LLRM medical college, Meerut by house-to-house survey among adults 30 years and above.

Results: Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the present study was found to be 13.1%. When prevalence of DM in relation to the type of diet was observed, it was more among those who were non vegetarians (17.8%) while it was only 7.2% among those who were vegetarians. The prevalence of diabetes in relation to the body mass index, waist-hip ratio shows statistically significant association.

Conclusions: Inappropriate and unhealthy dietary patterns, obesity and increased waist hip ratio (WHR) were the major risk factors to cause diabetes mellitus.


Diabetes mellitus, Dietary habits, Anthropometry

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