DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20213547

Oral hygiene behaviour and practices of urban slum population: a cross-sectional study

Shriprasad B. Alure, Arun S. Dodamani, Prashanthkumar Vishwakarma, Vardhaman M. Jain, Gaurav V. Mali, Gunderao P. Kulkarni

Abstract


Background: Poor oral hygiene is a major etiological factor for oral diseases. Urban slums are identified as a risk group population as the burden of oral diseases is high among them. So, the aim of the study was to evaluate oral hygiene status among the urban slum population.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 480 urban slum people aged between 18 to 75 years. A cluster random sampling method was adopted. Data were collected by structured questionnaire. The questionnaire included information related to patient’s knowledge, attitude, and practices related to their oral hygiene. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the data.

Results: The majority of people brushed their teeth once a daily (58.3%) by using a toothbrush and toothpaste (65%) followed by mishri and charcoal. 81.7% of people did not use any other oral hygiene aid. The majority of people did not use interdental aids, tongue cleaner, mouthwash. The majority of people (72%) know the harmful effect of tobacco still they consume various forms of tobacco. The results showed an acute lack of oral hygiene awareness and practices as well as the effect of poor oral hygiene on systemic health.

Conclusions: There is a need to educate the urban slum population regarding proper dental care, oral hygiene methods, and prevention of dental diseases through dentists, outreach programs, effective oral health education, and promotion programs to make healthy individuals and healthy society.


Keywords


Attitude, Knowledge, North Maharashtra, Oral diseases, Oral hygiene practices, Urban slum

Full Text:

PDF

References


Gopikrishna V, Bhaskar NN, Kulkarni SB, Jacob J, Sourabha KG. Knowledge, attitude, and practices of oral hygiene among college students in Bengaluru city. J Indian Assoc Public Health Dentistr. 2016;14(1):75.

Kapoor D, Gill S, Singh A, Kaur I, Kapoor P. Oral hygiene awareness and practice amongst patients visiting the Department of Periodontology at a Dental College and Hospital in North India. Indian J Dentistr. 2014;5(2):64.

Balasuppramaniem M, Sundaram E, Gainneos RD, Karunamoorthy V, Panneerselvan VE, Thiruppathi P. Evaluation of oral hygiene self-efficacy, knowledge, and motivation among young adults of rural-based tamilian population: A prospective cohort study. J Indian Soc Periodontol. 2017;21(1):55.

Wahengbam PP, Kshetrimayum N, Wahengbam BS, Nandkeoliar T, Lyngdoh D. Assessment of oral health knowledge, attitude and self-care practice among adolescents-A state wide cross-sectional study in Manipur, North Eastern India. J Clin Diagn Res. 2016;10(6):65.

Patel AB, Shah RR, Ramanuj VB. Comparative study of oral hygienic practices and oral health status among people residing in urban and urban slum of Ahmedabad municipal corporation. Int J Comm Med Public Health. 2017;4(6):2181.

Jegede AT, Oyedele TA, Sodipo BO, Folayan MO. Oral health knowledge and practices of dentists practicing in a teaching hospital in Nigeria. Indian J Dent Res. 2016;27(2):137.

Jeboda SO. Implications of low dental awareness in Nigeria. Niger Dent J. 2008;16(1):43-6.

Dayakar MM, Kumar J, Pai GP, Shivananda H, Rekha R. A survey about awareness of periodontal health among the students of professional colleges in Dakshina Kannada District. J Indian Soc Periodontol. 2016;20(1):67.

Nolan LB. Slum definitions in urban India: implications for the measurement of health inequalities. Population and Development Review. 2015;41(1):59-84.

Mberu BU, Haregu TN, Kyobutungi C, Ezeh AC. Health and health-related indicators in slum, rural, and urban communities: a comparative analysis. Global health action. 2016;9(1):33163.

Hannan MA, Chowdhury MT, Khan MA, Chowdhury AF, Shahidullah KM, Saha AK, Anjum A. Prevalence of gingivitis, plaque accumulation and decayed, missing and filled teeth among slum population in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin. 2014;40(2):47-51.

Sekhon TS, Grewal S, Gambhir RS. Periodontal health status and treatment needs of the rural population of India: A cross-sectional study. Journal of natural science, biology, and medicine. 2015;6(1):111.

Ali R, Ahmad R, Ul Haq HSI, Khan RS, Hassan R, Siddiqui AA. Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding Oral Hygiene among Urban Slum Dwellers in Pakistan. Int J Contemp Med Res. 2018;5(8):3-7.

Jain N, Mitra D, Ashok KP, Dundappa J, Soni S, Ahmed S. Oral hygiene-awareness and practice among patients attending OPD at Vyas Dental College and Hospital, Jodhpur. Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology. 2012;16(4):524.

Census of India Website: Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India [Internet] Available at: https://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/dchb/Maharashtra.html. Accessed on 25 March 2021.

Airen B, Dasar P, Nagarajappa S, Kumar S, Jain D, Warhekar S. Dentition status and treatment need in urban slum dwellers in Indore city, Central India. Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry. 2014;12(3):163.

Handa S, Prasad S, Rajashekharappa CB, Garg A, Ryana HK, Khurana C. Oral health status of rural and urban population of Gurgaon block, Gurgaon district using WHO assessment form through multistage sampling technique. Journal of clinical and diagnostic research. 2016;10(5):43.

Cosmetic dentistry guide: The consumer usage and attitudes survey: Available at: http://www.cosmeticdentistryguide. co.uk/news/survey-indicates-poor-standards-of-oral-health-in india- 9321. Accessed on 25 March 2021.

Jiang H, Petersen PE, Peng B, Tai B, Bian Z. Self-assessed dental health, oral health practices, and general health behaviors in Chinese urban adolescents. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica. 2005;63(6):343-52.

Al-Shammari KF, Al-Ansari JM, Al-Khabbaz AK, Dashti A, Honkala EJ. Self-reported oral hygiene habits and oral health problems of Kuwaiti adults. Medical Principles and Practice. 2007;16(1):15-21.

Zhu L, Petersen PD. Hong-Ying wang, Jin-you Bian, Bo-xue Zhang. Oral health knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of adults in china. Int Dent J. 2005;55:231-41.

Patel AB, Shah RR, Ramanuj VB. Comparative study of oral hygienic practices and oral health status among people residing in urban and urban slum of Ahmedabad municipal corporation. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health. 2017;4(6):2181.

Tomar SP, Kasar PK, Tiwari R. Study of oral hygienic practices and oral health status among school children in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh: a cross-sectional study. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2016;3(2):403-7.

Hamilton ME, Coulby WM. Oral health knowledge and habits of senior elementary school students. Journal of Public Health Dentistry. 1991;51(4):212-9.

Perspectives HM-B breath: research, 1995 undefined. Oral malodor in the general population of Japan. ci.nii.ac.jp [Internet]. Available at: https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/10027094933/. Accessed on 25 March 2021.

Rooban T, Joshua E, Rao UK, Ranganathan K. Prevalence and correlates of tobacco use among urban adult men in India: A comparison of slum dwellers vs non-slum dwellers. Indian journal of dental research. 2012;23(1):31.

Gundala R, Chava VK. Effect of lifestyle, education and socioeconomic status on periodontal health. Contemporary clinical dentistry. 2010;1(1):23.