DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20212613

Rising epidemic of COVID-19 in India – knowledge, attitude and practices among general population

Michi Monya, Yasmeen Chaudhari

Abstract


Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an emerging disease caused by a novel corona virus, Severe Acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV2). It was first detected in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. The rapid spread and the novel nature of the disease has created an environment of confusion and panic among people.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using web-based questionnaire in different languages, the link of the online questionnaire shared as text message was shared/posted/reposted through author’s social media accounts and e-mails. It consisted two parts: Demographic details and KAP containing total 19 questions (K-13, A-3, P-3). Data analysis was conducted using SPSS-20 statistical software.

Results: It was found that higher education level has associated significantly with higher knowledge score (β= -0.213: p=0.00). Multiple regression analysis showed that attitude of people avoiding Chinese restaurants was significantly associated with younger age group (Expβ=0.975: p=0.021). The practice of wearing mask while leaving home was found significantly associated with education (p=0.024) and occupation (p=0.000) in univariate analysis. Similarly, the practice of washing hands was significantly associated with age in both univariate (p=0.049) and multivariate analysis (Expβ=0.932: p=0.049).

Conclusions: The practice of majority of Indian residents was very cautious. But correct response rate for knowledge score was only 72.54% and positive attitude about COVID-19 control in India was demonstrated by 74.18% respondents, thus reflecting inadequate information about COVID-19 and lower confidence on its control. Information, education and communication (IEC) campaigns by various sources needs to be optimized across various sociodemographic groups to address those at higher risk.


Keywords


Knowledge, Attitude, Practices, COVID-19

Full Text:

PDF

References


Zhong BL, Luo W, Li HM, Zhang QQ, Liu XG et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: a quick online cross-sectional survey. International journal of biological sciences. 2020;16(10):1745.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Symptoms of Coronavirus. 2021. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/sympt oms-testing/symptoms.html. Accessed on 24 February, 2021.

World Health Organization. Coronavirus overview. Available from: https://www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus#tab=tab_1. Accessed on 24 February, 2021.

Badgujar KC, Badgujar VC, Badgujar SB. Vaccine development against coronavirus (2003 to present): An overview, recent advances, current scenario, opportunities and challenges. Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews. 2020;14(5):1361-76.

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. Frequently asked questions. Available from: https://www.mohfw.gov.in/covid_ vaccination/vaccination/index.html. Accessed on 24 February, 2021.

Government of India. #IndiaFightsCorona. Available from: https://www.mygov.in/covid-19. Accessed on 3 March, 2021.

Ajilore K, Atakiti I, Onyenankey K. College students’ knowledge, attitudes and adherence to public service announcements on Ebola in Nigeria: Suggestions for improving future Ebola prevention education programmes. Health Education Journal. 2017;76:648-60.

Tachfouti N, Slama K, Berraho M, Nejjari C. The impact of knowledge and attitudes on adherence to tuberculosis treatment: a case-control study in a Moroccan region. Pan Afr Med J. 2012;12:52.

Person B, Sy F, Holton K, Govert B, Liang A. National Center for Inectious Diseases SCOT. Fear and stigma: the epidemic within the SARS outbreak. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004;10:358-63.

Tao N. An analysis on reasons of SARS-induced psychological panic among students. Journal of Anhui Institute of Education. 2003;21:78-9.

Janz NK, Becker MH. The Health Belief Model: A Decade Later. Health Education Quarterly. 1984;11(1):1-47.

World Health Organization. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public: Myth busters. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/eme rgencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advicefor- public/myth-busters. Accessed on 29 February, 2021.

Acharya R, Gundi M, Ngo T, Pandey N, Patel SK, Pinchoff J et al. COVID-19-related knowledge, attitudes, and practices among adolescents and young people in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, India: study description.

Dong E, Du H, Gardner L. An interactive web-based dashboard to track COVID-19 in real time. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020.

Geldsetzer P. Use of rapid online surveys to assess people's perceptions during infectious disease outbreaks: a cross-sectional survey on COVID-19. Journal of medical Internet research. 2020;22(4):e18790.

Tomar BS, Singh P, Nathiya D, Suman S, Raj P, Tripathi S, Chauhan DS. Indian communitys knowledge, attitude & practice towards COVID-19. MedRxiv. 2020.

Agarwal P, Imtiyaz B, MS R, Jamwal C. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) about COVID-19 among Indian population: A cross-sectional study. Available at SSRN 3658195. 2020.

Haque T, Hossain KM, Bhuiyan MM, Ananna SA, Chowdhury SH, Islam MR et al. Knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) towards COVID-19 and assessment of risks of infection by SARS-CoV-2 among the Bangladeshi population: an online cross sectional survey. Research square.

Kartheek AV, Gara KH, Vanamali DR. Knowledge, attitude and practices towards COVID-19 among Indian residents during the pandemic: A cross-sectional online survey. Journal of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences. 2020;9(2):107.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC Newsroom. CDC updates COVID-19 transmission webpage to clarify information about types of spread. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/media /releases/2020/s0522-cdc-updates-covid-transmission.html. Accessed on 25 February, 2021.

Nazli T, Raheem A, Kishore J. Perceptions and practices of the adult population in response to SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in India. Epidemiology International. 2020;5(2):10-6.

Rajagopal, D. 2020. Covid-19: Forget Healing Touch, Pharma Gets It Rough. [online] The Economic Times. Available from: https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/industry/healthcare/biotech/pharmaceuticals/covid-19-forget-healing-touch-pharma-gets-it-rough/articleshow /74820419.cms. Accessed on 18 November, 2021.

World Health Organization. Advice for public [Internet]. Who.int. 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/ emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advicefor-public. Accessed on 20 November, 2020.

Madhukalya, A. $20 trillion lawsuit against China! U.S. group says coronavirus is bioweapon. Business Today. 2020. Available from: https://www.businesstoday.in/current/world/usd-20-trillion-lawsuit-against-china-us-group-sayscoronavirus-bioweapon/story/399071.html. Accessed on 12 April, 2020.

Mukhim, P. Spit Personality: With the Covid-19 pandemic, people from the Northeast are facing a rise in racial attacks across the country. Bangalore Mirror. 2020. Available from: https://bangaloremirror.indiatimes.com/bangalore/others/spitpersonality-with-the-covid-19-pandemic-people-from-the-northeast-are-facing-a-rise-in-racialattacks-across-thecountry/articleshow/7 4867081.cms?utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_campa ign=cppst. Accessed on 20 March, 2020.

Livemint. Social stigma forcing coronavirus patients to avoid screening in India. 2020. Available from: https://www.livemint.com/news/india/social-stigmaforcing-coronavirus-patients-to-avoid-screening-in-india-11584359972347.html. Accessed on 28 March, 2020.

Frieden TR, Lee CT. Identifying and interrupting superspreading events implications for control of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020;26:1059 66.