DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20211797

Bone and mineral disorders among Saudi diabetics

Muhammad Mahmood Akhtar, Abdulaziz Saad Alghamdi, Abdulrahman Mohammed Alshehri, Hussain Zaki Alfaraj, Abdullah Mohammed Alshamrani, Anoud Abdulrazzag Althagafi, Elaf Abdulqader Bahanshel, Muataz Abdulmoghni Aljunaid, Mohammad Abbas AlAjlani, Mohammed Ali Al-Khathami, Mohammed Mana Alqahtani

Abstract


Increasing bone and mineral changes which caused by both diabetes type 1 and type 2 can raise fracture risks for a period of time during illness and low blood sugar levels. The connection between diabetes and bone fragility is further complicated by the variable effects on the skeleton by various diabetic medications. Diabetic patients are at a higher risk of bone and mineral density alterations, osteoporosis and fragility fractures. Diabetic patients are often susceptible to develop various conditions due to malnutrition, uncontrolled blood sugar and lack of proper follow up regiment. Diabetics should be tested for osteoporosis risk and given effective prevention strategies. Preventing osteoporosis would require interventions such as sufficient vitamin D and calcium intake, physical exercise and exposure to sunlight.


Keywords


Diabetes, Bone and mineral density, Saudi Arabia, Complications

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References


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