DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20211449

Health status of primary school children: study in urban slums of Lucknow

Neeti Verma, Prashant Kumar Bajpai

Abstract


Background: Children are the wealth of any nation because they constitute one of the population's essential segments. Through school health services, morbidity patterns and nutritional status deficiencies are detected early and controlled to get a healthy and economically productive future generation. The present study was undertaken to assess the health status of primary school children in slum areas of Lucknow and find the morbidity pattern of the study population.

Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 760 students of primary schools. A pre-designed, pre-tested, and semi-structured questionnaire was used as a study tool.

Results: Most of the subjects 362 (47.7%) were in age group of 7-9 years, and were distributed almost equally in the classes from 1st to 5thstandard. About one fourth (26.8%) school children were underweight, whereas 5.6% school children were found overweight. Girls (34.0%) were found underweight more than the boys (20.8%). In contrast, more boys (8.8%) were overweight than girl students (2.6%).

Conclusions: The common infirmities found were underweight (26.8%), dental caries (6.1%), anemia (14.9%), pediculosis (17.2%) and ear discharge (2.2%). Proper knowledge regarding and the creation of awareness amongst the school children, their families, about the causes and ill effects of the various morbidities are essential. Emphasis should be given to school children regarding prevailing morbidities amongst them by class teachers.

 


Keywords


Anaemia, Children, Health status, Primary school, Urban slums

Full Text:

PDF

References


Srivastava A, Mahmood SE, Srivastava PM, Shrotriya VP, Kumar B. Nutritional status of school-age children - A scenario of urban slums in India. Arch Public Health. 2012;70(1):8.

Joshi N, Rajesh R, Sunitha M. Prevalence of dental caries among school children in Kulasekharam village: a correlated prevalence survey. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2005;23(3):138-40.

Prasad KR. CME: School health. Indian J Community Med. 2005;30:109. Available at: https://www.ijcm.org.in/temp/IndianJCommunityMed304109-1138382_030943.pdf. Accessed on 3 January 2021.

Ananthakrishnan S, Pani SP, Nalini P. A comprehensive study of morbidity in school age children. Indian Pediatr. 2001;38(9):1009-17.

Maheshwaran R, Seeri JS, Murthy N. A study on growth status of high school children in rural south India. J Evolution of Medical and Dental Sci. 2013;2(45):8740-4.

Panda P, Benjamin AI, Singh S. Health status of school children in Ludhiana City. Indian J Community Med. 2000;115:150-5.

Kakkar R, Kandpal SD, Aggarwal P. Health status of children under school health services in Doiwala block, Dehradun. Indian J Community Health. 2012;24(1):45-8.

Jain N, Jain VM. Prevalence of anaemia in school children. Med Pract Rev. 2012;3:1-4.

Dambhare DG, Bharambe MS, Mehendale AM, Garg BS. Nutritional status and morbidity among school-going adolescents in Wardha, a Peri-Urban area. Online J Health Allied Sci. 2010;9:1-3.

Navaneethan P, Kalaivani T, Rajasekaran C, Sunil N. Nutritional status of children in rural India: a case study from Tamil Nadu, first in the world to initiate the mid-day meal scheme. Health. 2011;3:647-55.

Das P, Basu M, Dhar G, Mallik S, Pal R. Nutritional status and morbidity pattern of government primary school children in north Kolkata of West Bengal, India. South East Asia J Public Health. 2012;2:13-7.

Kumar S, Mahabalaraju DK, Anuroopa MS. Prevalence of obesity and its influencing factor among affluent school children of Davangere city. Indian J Community Med. 2007;32:15-7.