DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20211772

Incubation period of COVID-19: analysis of COVID-19 cases admitted in a tertiary care center, northern district of Kerala, India

Anitha Subhadra Saraswathy, Rameela Sanya, Jayasree Anandabhavan Kumaran

Abstract


Background: Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) started as pneumonia of unknown cause detected first in Wuhan, China in December 2019 and spread as a pandemic affecting more than 200 countries worldwide. The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, dry cough, breathing difficulty and tiredness. The median incubation period is about 5 days as per current understanding. The present study was done to estimate the median incubation period of COVID-19 cases admitted in a tertiary care center in north Kerala.

Methods: This cross-sectional study included COVID-19 cases admitted in a tertiary care center during three months study period.

Results: The median incubation period of COVID-19 was estimated to be 4 days (interquartile range 7). It was also found that females, those persons with comorbidities and those who got infected by local transmission had a longer mean incubation period compared to males, those without comorbidities and imported cases, respectively.

Conclusions: The median incubation period of COVID 19 was estimated to be 4 days. Factors like presence of comorbidities, gender, type of transmission were found to affect incubation period, but further studies are needed to have a thorough understanding.


Keywords


COVID-19, Incubation period, India, Kerala

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References


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