DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20211276

Analysis of the risk factors in SARS-CoV-2: gender and age

A. A. Sanghai, Vikram Khan, D. B. Zala, V. K. Das

Abstract


Age and gender are key indicators of health to understand the extent to which outbreaks affect a specific age group or gender. Therefore, the present study was conducted to know whether gender equality in SARS-CoV-2 infections prevails across different age groups in the Dadra and Nagar Haveli district of the UT of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, India. The secondary data were collected up to 21st September 2020 through public health surveillance activities undertaken by, Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme, UT of the Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu. Till date, a total of 37.89 thousand samples were tested for detection of SARS-CoV-2. Only 1429 (3.76%) samples were found positive for SARS-CoV-2. Out of total positive cases, 71.38% were male and 28.62 % were female. The maximum case was encountered in the working-age group (between 19 to 50 years). However, the highest positivity rate (8.5%) was encountered in the age group of more than 50 years.


Keywords


SARS-CoV-2, Epidemiology, Age, Gender

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmad S. Potential of age distribution profiles for the prediction of COVID- 19 infection origin in a patient group. Informatics Med Unlocked. 2020;20:100364.

Wenham C, Smith J, Morgan R. COVID-19: the gendered impacts of the outbreak. Lancet. 2020;395(10227):846-8.

Jin JM, Bai P, He W, Wu F, Liu X-F, Han D-M, et al. Gender Differences in Patients with COVID-19: Focus on Severity and Mortality. Front. Public Health. 2020;8:152.

Bianchi I, Lleo A, Gershwin ME, Invernizzi P. The X-chromosome and immune associated genes. J Autoimmunity. 2012;38(2-3):187-92.

Klein SL, Flanagan KL. Sex differences in immune responses. Nature Reviews Immunology. 2016;16(10):626-38.

Mahase E. COVID-19: death rate is 0.66% and increases with age, study estimates. BMJ. 2020;369:1327.

Sharif N, Bukhari N, Yousfani ZA, Saleem A, Arif A, Abbas H, et al. Gender and age factors in COVID-19 patients in Punjab, Pakistan; a cohort study. Anaesth Pain Intensive Care. 2020;24(4):435-9.