DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20210036

Acellular dermal matrices in immediate breast reconstruction: a literature review

Mohammed Attallah Alharbi, Fahad K. Aljindan, Reshan Mane Al Reshan, Khalid Dakhelallah Almutairi, Fatimah Mofeed Almosabh, Moayad Abdullah Zarbh, Renad Adel Bahadi, Abdullah Mohammed Abutaleb, Majid Ghazi AlNufaie, Asma Abdulrahman Alhrthialsharif, Ghadh Abdulmuhaymin Bukhary, Asmaa Mahfouz Al-hamdi

Abstract


There has been an increase in invasive breast carcinoma which many times end up with a mastectomy. The psychological effects of mastectomy can be overwhelming, urging the need for optimum breast reconstruction procedures. Acellular dermal matrices are widely used nowadays due to their favorable outcomes with a few complications. In this study, we review the literature to explore the different types used, cons, and pros of this procedure. Databases like PubMed, Medline, Web of science, Embase, Google scholar, and Scopus were used and searched for following terms “implant-based reconstruction” or “breast reconstruction” or “acellular dermal matrix”. All studies that discuss the use of acellular dermal matrices for breast reconstructive surgery were included. Acellular dermal matrices may allow a relatively easy, affordable and time-efficient breast reconstructive surgery. They are associated with less incidence of infection and capsular contracture making them an excellent fit for most procedures. However, m ore studies are needed to help understand possible risk factors, and complications and how to avoid them.


Keywords


Acellular dermal matrices, Breast carcinoma, reconstructive surgery

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