DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20210241

Common drugs causing allergy in patients attending a tertiary care centre in South Kerala

Shameem N., Krishna Kumar M. K.

Abstract


Background: Drugs play an important part in the wellbeing of human life. Adverse drug reactions are also a part of drug administration. Adverse drug reactions mainly manifest in the form of skin lesions such as urticaria or maculo-papular rash. Drug allergy is a common clinical problem and its assessment is important for appropriate management of the condition. Diagnosis of drug allergy relies on a careful history and in some instance’s allergy testing may be required.  Aim was to determine the common drugs causing allergy.

Methods: After obtaining informed written consent, data was entered in a schedule and an intradermal test was done in the volar aspect of the patient’s forearm with the selected list of twenty-four drugs.

Results: The maximum number of study subjects showed positive reactions were for ampicillin, paracetamol, diclofenac and ketorolac.

Conclusions: The drugs which are commonly used by the medical practitioners were found to be more allergic to the study subjects.

 


Keywords


Drug, Adverse drug reaction, Allergy, Intradermal test

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