DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20210199

Knowledge, attitude and uptake of mammography among female health workers in two tertiary health facilities of Sokoto state, Nigeria

Mansur O Raji, Shehu P Adamu, Hafsat O Akinnibosun-Raji, Hadija O Raji, Umar M Ango, Aminu U Kaoje

Abstract


Background: Globally, breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and early detection remains the cornerstone of breast cancer control in terms of outcome and survival. Female health care workers, being frontline healthcare providers, often come in contact with patients and their relatives and can disseminate accurate mammography information. This study thus aimed to determine the knowledge, attitude and uptake of mammography among female health workers working in two tertiary health care facilities in Sokoto state, Nigeria.

Methods: The study was cross sectional in nature. Using formula for estimating sample size for cross-sectional studies, a sample size of 209 was obtained. All female health care workers were eligible to participate in the study. Systematic sampling was used to recruit them into the study. A self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Data was subsequently entered into IBM statistical software package version 20. Descriptive and inferential analysis was performed All statistical tests were carried out using 2 tailed test with alpha set at 0.05.

Results: Less than a fifth of the respondents knew the age screening mammography end if no breast problem is detected, less than half (44.4%) of the respondents knew how frequent a screening mammography be obtained after the age of 40 years. Less than a tenth (7.9%) of the respondents had ever had mammography done.

Conclusions: Majority of our study participants had good overall mammography related knowledge, most of them demonstrated positive attitude towards mammography, the uptake of mammography in our study population was very low.


Keywords


Attitude, Female Health workers, Knowledge, Mammography, Uptake

Full Text:

PDF

References


Choridah L, Icanervilia AV, de Wit MJM, van Asselt ADI, Kurniawan WT, Fahmi YI, et al. Knowledge and acceptance towards mammography as breast cancer screening tool among Yogyakarta women and health care providers (mammography screening in Indonesia). J Cancer Educ. 2019;3(1):1-6.

Nazzal Z, Sholi H, Sholi S, Sholi M, Lahaseh R. Mammography screening uptake among female health care workers in primary health care centers in Palestine- motivators and barriers. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2016;17(5):2549-54.

Akhigbe A, Omuemu V. Knowledge, attitudes and practice of breast cancer screening among female health workers in a Nigerian urban city. BMC Cancer. 2009;9(203):1-9.

Amin S, Ewunonu H, Oguntebi E, Liman I. Breast cancer mortality in a resource‐poor country: A 10‐year experience in a tertiary institution. Sahel Med J. 2017;20:93-7.

Loberg M, Lousdal M, Bretthauer M, Kalager M. Benefits and harms of mammography screening. Breast Cancer Research. 2015;17(63):1-12.

Pace L, Keating N. A systematic assessment of bene ts and risks to guide breast cancer screening decisions. JAMA. 2014;311:1327-35.

Marinho LAB, Cecatti JG, OsisII MJD, Gurgel MSC. Knowledge, attitude and practice of mammography among women users of public health services. Rev Saúde Pública. 2008;42(2).

Odusanya OO. Breast cancer knowledge, attitude and practice of female schoolteachers in Lagos, Nigeria. Breast J. 2001;7(3):171-5.

Seah M, Tan SM. Am I breast cancer smart? Assessing breast cancer knowledge among healthcare professionals. Singapore Med J. 2007;48(2):158-62.

Chong PN, Krishnan M, Hong CY, Swah TS. Knowledge and practice of breast cancer screening amongst public health nurses in Singapore. Singapore Med J. 2002;43(10).

Al-Naggar RA, Bobryshev YV. Practice and barriers of mammography among Malaysian women in the general population. Asian Pacific J Cancer Prev. 2012;13:3595-600.

Schwartz K, Fakhouri M, Bartoces M, Monsur J, Younis A. Mammography screening among Arab American women in metropolitan Detroit. J Immigr Minor Health. 2008;10(6):541-9.

Rosmawati N. The usage and knowledge of Mammogram among women in suburban area in Terengganu, Malaysia. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2010;11:767-71.

Dündar P, Özmen D, Öztürk B. The knowledge and attitudes of breast self-examination and mammography in a group of women in a rural area in western Turkey. BMC Cancer. 2006;6:43-9.

Ibrahim NA, Odusanya OO. Knowledge of risk factors, beliefs and practices of female healthcare professionals towards breast cancer in a tertiary institution in Lagos, Nigeria. BMC Cancer. 2009;9(76).

Obajimi MO, Ajayi IO, Oluwasola AO, Adedokun BO, Adeniji-Sofoluwe AT, Mosuro OA. Level of awareness of mammography among women attending outpatient clinics in a teaching hospital in Ibadan, South-West Nigeria. BMC Public Health. 2013;13(40).

Abdullah N, Abd Aziz N, Rampal S, Al-Sadat N. Mammography screening uptake among hospital personnel in Kuala Lumpur tertiary hospital. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2011;12:2643-7.

Rimer BK, Keintz MK, Kessler HB, Engstrom PF, Rosan JR. Why women resist screening mammography: Patient-related behaviours. Radiology. 1999;172:243-6.

Zapka JG, Stoddard AM, Costanza ME, HL G. Breast cancer screening by mammography, utilization and associated factors. Am J Public Health. 1999;79:1499-502.

Silva IT, Griep RH, Rotenberg L. Social support and cervical and breast cancer screening practices among nurses. Rev Latino-am Emfermagem Julho-agosto. 2009;17:514-21.

Taplin SH, Montano DE. Attitudes, age, and participation in Mammographic screening: a prospective analysis. J Am Board Fam Pract. 1993;6:13-23.

Amin T, Al Mulhim A. Breast cancer knowledge, risk factors and screening among adult Saudi women in a primary health care setting. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2009;10:133-8.

Bener A, El Ayoubi H, Moore M. Bener A, El Ayoubi H, Moore M, et al. Do we need to maximize the breast cancer screening awareness? Experience with an endogamous society with high fertility. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2009;10:1-6.

Hammond JMS, Stewart M. Female patient's attitudes to mammogrpahy screening. Canadian Fam Phys. 1994;40:451-5.

Canbulat N, Uzun O. Health beliefs and breast cancer screening behaviours among female health workers in Turkey. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2009;12:148-56.

Parsa P, Kandiah M. Predictors of adherence to clinical breast examination and mammography screening among Malaysian women. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2010;11:681-8.

Akinola R, Wright K, Osunfidiya O, Orogbemi O, Akinola O. Mammography and mammography screening: are female patients at a teaching hospital in Lagos, Nigeria, aware of these procedures? Diagn Interv Radiol. 2011;17(2):125-9.

Lee K, Lim HT, Park SM. Factors associated with use of breast cancer screening services by women aged >40 years in Korea: The Third Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005 (KNHANES III). BMC Cancer. 2010;10(144).