DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20210224

Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding biomedical waste management amongst healthcare workers in a teaching hospital from a north eastern state of India

Tado Nabam Hina, Shubhabrata Das, Munmee Das

Abstract


Background: Bio-medical waste (BMW) means any waste, which is generated during the diagnosis, treatment or immunization of human beings or animals or in research activities or in the production or testing of biological or in any health camp activities. Proper management of BMW ensures protection of public health and environment against any adverse effect associated with such waste materials. Several studies have reported that health care workers lack adequate level of awareness and right attitude regarding proper BMW management which ultimately reflects as incorrect practice of handling and disposal of bio medical waste. This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of healthcare workers regarding bio-medical waste management.

Methods: This study was conducted at Tomo Riba Institute of Health and Medical Sciences (TRIHMS), Arunachal Pradesh, India. Hospital based cross sectional study was conducted and questionnaire were administered to 313 healthcare workers of TRIHMS who consented to participate in the study. A predesigned questionnaire for knowledge, attitude and practice study was used for data collection. Data was analysed using Microsoft Excel and STATA 13.

Results: Study results show that the average knowledge score was highest amongst nurses (10±2.6) and least in class IV staffs (7.2±1.9).  Amongst all participants laboratory technicians were mostly average or poor on the attitude score. Overall only 23 percent (n=73) of the healthcare workers were found to be performing good BMW management practice.

Conclusions: Our study revealed that there is significant variation in knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding biomedical waste management among healthcare workers.


Keywords


Attitude, Biomedical waste, Knowledge, North eastern state, Practice, Teaching hospital

Full Text:

PDF

References


Government of India, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW). National Guidelines on Hospital Waste Management Based upon the BioMedical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2016. Available at: https://dhr.gov.in/document/guidelines/bio-medical-waste-management-rules-2016.

Tenglikar PV, Kumar GA, Kapate R, Reddy S, Vijayanath V. Knowledge attitude and practices of health care waste management amongst staff of nursing homes of Gulbarga city. JPBS. 2012;19(12):1-3.

WHO. Health-care waste Fact sheet, 2018. Available at: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/health-care-waste. Accessed on Jan 2019.

Patil AD, Sekhdar AV. Health- Care Waste Management in India, J Environ Manage. 2001;63:211-20.

Gupta NK, Shukla M, Tyagi S. Knowledge, attitude and practices of biomedical waste management among health care personnel in selected primary health care centres in Lucknow. Int J Community Med Pub Heal. 2016;3:309-13.

Malini A, Eshwar B. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Biomedical waste management among health care personnel in a tertiary care hospital in Puducherry. Inter J Biomed Res. 2015;6(03):172-6.

Sharma A, Sharma V, Sharma S, Singh P. Awareness of Biomedical Waste Management Among Health Care Personnel in Jaipur, India. Oral Health and Dental Management. 2013;12(1):32-40.

Mathur V, Dwivedi S, Hassan MA, Misra RP. Knowledge, attitude, and practices about biomedical waste management among healthcare personnel: A cross-sectional study. Indian J Comm Med. 2011;36:143-5.

Ananthachari KR, Divya CV. A study on assessment of knowledge on biomedical waste management among healthcare workers of Malabar Medical College Teaching hospital, Calicut, Kerela, India. Int J Comm Med Pub Heal. 2016;3:2409-13.

Basu M, Das P, Pal R. Assessment of future physicians on biomedical waste management in a tertiary care hospital of West Bengal. J Nat Sci Biol Med. 2012;3:38-42.

Chudasama RK, Sheth A, Rangoonwala M, Joshi N, Zalavadiya D, Bhola C. Awareness and Practice of Biomedical Waste Management Among Different Health Care Personnel at Tertiary Care Centre, Rajkot, India. Online J Health Allied Scs. 2014;13(1):1.

Haider S, Kumari S, Kashyap V, Sunderam S, Singh SB. A study on knowledge and practice regarding biomedical waste management among staff nurses and nursing students of Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi. Indian J Comm Health. 2015;27(1):135-8.

Papumpare (papum Pare) District Population Census 2011, Arunachal Pradesh Literacy Sex Ratio and Density. Available from: http://www.census2011.co.in/census/district/468-papumpare.html. Accessed on 2017 Sep 18.

Anand P, Jain R, Dhyani A. Knowledge, attitude and practice of biomedical waste management among health care personnel in a teaching institution in Haryana, India. Int J Res Med Sci. 2016;4(10):4246-50.

Madhukumar S, Ramesh G. Study about awareness and practices about health care waste management among hospital staff in a medical college hospital, Bangalore. Iran J Basic Med Sci. 2012;3(1):7-11.