Effect of lifestyle and socioeconomic status in type I diabetes in children

Khaled M. Hassan, Abdulbaqi A. Suwaydi, Abdulaziz A. Alshikh, Afnan M. Alkhairi, Asmaa Y. Nassir, Hamoud O. Al-Ahmari, Mohammed A. Alamri, Saleh I. Alghammas, Abdulelah S. Albalawi, Bayan R. Samman, Ibrahim M. Ananarah, Ahlam A. Aldarwish, Waeel M. Nokhefi, Wesal I. Alzain, Manal T. Hakami, Zainab M. Hawsawi


Background: This study describes the effect of life style and socioeconomic state in children diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus. The study was conducted in different health centers in Mexico, to clarify and describe relationship between life style, socioeconomic state and occurrence of diabetes type I.

Methods: The sample was 65 children with similar characteristics, they agreed to participate in the study, from July 2012 to September 2012. IMEVID was used to describe effect of lifestyle and socioeconomic state.

Results: 29.23% has been applied to sustain a "good lifestyle", which corresponded to a "healthy" rating, but highest concentration were in an inappropriate lifestyle (70.77%), classified into two classifications 56.92% was "moderately healthy" and only 13.85% was "unhealthy" behavior. Significant correlation between the styles of life evaluated and considered dimensions, except with the emotional state was found. Relationship existed between the style of life evaluated and perceived by patients.

Conclusions: Gradual clarification of the concept known as "lifestyle" has enabled the health sciences resize the notion of the state of "health and disease"; results are consistent with other studies conducted in Mexico. 


Children, Type I diabetes, Life-style, Socioeconomic state

Full Text:



Morales JA, García BA, Madrigal EO, Ramírez C. Diabetes. 1st ed. México: UAEH; 2008: 207-380.

Escott-Stump S. 5th ed. México: Mc Graw-Hill Interamericana; 2005: 374-843.

American Diabetes Association. Evidence-based nutrition principles and recomendations for the treatment and prevention of diabetes and related complications. Diabetes Care. 2002;25:51:60.

Coreil J, Levin J, Jaco E. Life style an emergent concept in the sociomedical sciences. Cult Med Psychiatry. 1985;9(4):423-37.

Espinosa L. Changes in lifestyle and mode; its influence on the health-disease process. Rev Cuban Stomtol. 2004;41(3):1-6.

Wilson D, Ciliska D. Life-style assessment: Development and use of the FANTASTIC checklist. Dog Fam Physician. 1984;30:1527-32.

Ortíz M, Ortíz E. Health Psychology: A Key to Understanding the Phenomenon of Adherence therapy. Rev Méd Chile. 2007;135:647-52.

Balcázar P, Gurrola G, Bonilla M, Colín H, Esquivel E. Lifestyle in adults with diabetes. Electronic Sci J Psychol. 2008;6,147-58.

Montejo M. Lifestyles in diabetics from the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social: correlation with Wallston model. (Master's Thesis in Public Health). Universidad Veracruzana/Institute of Public Health. Xalapa de Enríquez, Ver., Mexico. 2009.

Gómez-Aguilar PIS, Avila-Sansores GM, Candila-Celis JA. Lifestyle and metabolic control in people with diabetes, Yucatán, México. Rev Enferm Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2012;20(3):123-9.

Tolosa A, Candioti M, D 'Alessandro M. Relationship between lifestyle and nutritional status in Patients with Diabetes mellitus from the city of Santa Fe, Argentina. Nutrition Update. 2012;13(3):170-5.

Meneses A, Ignacio D, Mendoza F, Moctezuma M, Reyes de Jesús L. Factors influencing the abandonment of Diabetes Mellitus treatment in users of the Tlacoachistlahuaca health center, Gro. Memories of the 2nd International Congress of Pre-ALASRU 2012 “Diversity and Contrasts in the Processes Rural in Central Mexico. Cuernavaca, Mor., Mexico; 2012: 1-10.

Durán BR, Rivera B, Franco E. Adherence to pharmacological treatment in patients diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. Salud Publica Mex. 2001;43:233-6.

Garay M. The diabetic patient and her emotions. Memories of the II Encounter of participation of women in science, May 19 to 20, 2005. León, Gto., Mexico. 2005.

Bronfenbrenner U. The ecology of Human Development. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 1979.

Bustos R, Bustos A, Bustos R, Cabrera I, Flores J. Lack of knowledge as a risk factor to be hospitalized in diabetic patients. Arch Fam Med. 2011;13(1):62-73.

López J, Ariza C, Rodríguez J, Munguía C. Construction and initial validation of an instrument to measure lifestyle in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Salud Pública Méx. 2003;45:259-68.