DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20204736

Alternative livelihood for bidi workers: a study based on primary research on home-based bidi rollers of Solapur city of Maharashtra

Ashish S. Supase, Kunal Oswal, Kanchan Mukherjee, Ajita Singh, Pankaj Chaturvedi

Abstract


Background: Solapur city situated in the district of Solapur, is home to the largest number of bidi workers of Maharashtra. Women and children engaged in bidi rolling face abuse, financial domination and a varied range of occupational health concerns. The bidi workers thus emphasize the need for an alternative livelihood strategy. The research-based on the review of existing programs, policies, best practices and successful models (locally and globally) for developing an alternative livelihood, understand the magnitude of work satisfaction among bidi workers and their perspective on alternative livelihoods.

Methods: Descriptive and cross-sectional study design was adopted to conduct the study using a semi-structured interview schedule using a mixed-method approach. Data collection was done with the help of in-depth interviews with the workers, members of workers’ association, individuals and other key informants. Content analysis, triangulation method and Microsoft Excel were used for the statistical analysis.

Results: The preliminary finding of the research indicates that bidi workers have the willingness to change their profession but they can only be accomplished if the right opportunities are provided. If there is a provision of training, 90% of the respondents are interested in making the shift to an alternative livelihood.

Conclusions: In this context, it is anticipated that the recommendation towards developing alternative livelihood option other than bidi rolling will help tackle the deplorable condition of the workers.


Keywords


Alternative livelihood, Bidi rolling, Bidi workers, India, Solapur

Full Text:

PDF

References


Nayanatara SN, estimates of tobacco-dependent employment in India. Econom Polit Week. 2018;LIII(40):58-62.

Rout SK, Narayana KV, Sahu KS, Selvaraj S, Chatterjee M, Arora M. Poverty and health status of beedi workers in Andhra Pradesh. Econom Polit Week. 2017;LII 10):54-9.

WHO FCTC. Economically sustainable alternatives to tobacco growing (in relation to Articles 17 and 18 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control), Moscow, Russian Federation: WHO 2014. Available from: https://apps.who.int/gb/fctc/PDF/ cop6/FCTC_COP6_12-en.pdf.

WHO, Expert group consultation on alternative livelihoods for tobacco farmers and workers, New Delhi. WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia, New Delhi: 2015. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/205051.

John P. Beedi industry and welfare of workers in India. Centre for Health and Social Justice (CHSJ). New Delhi; 2015:1-51.

Mukhopadhyay A. Caught in a death trap the story of bidi rollers of West Bengal and Gujarat. New Delhi: Voluntary Health Association of India; 2008:1-120. Available from: http://www.rctfi.org/ resources/Caught%20in%20a%20Death%20Trap.pdf.

International Labor Organization, sectoral activities programme, working paper, making ends meet: Bidi workers in India today, A Study of four states. Geneva: International Labour Office, 2003.

ILO, Improving Working Conditions and Employment Opportunities for Women Beedi Workers in India, Delhi: ILO, 2004.

Socio-economic condition of female bidi workers. Available from: https://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/ bitstream/10603/23548/9/12_chapter_05.pdf. Accessed on 15 June 2018.

A Study of Socio-Economic Conditions among Bidi Workers in Solapur. Available from: http://hnccsolapur.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/ MRP-Pankaj-Dolas.pdf. Accessed on 18 June 2018.

Department of Labour Government of Maharashtra, Minimum wages Act. 2018. Available from: https://mahakamgar.maharashtra.gov.in/lc-minimum-wages.htm. Accessed on 15 October 2018.

Waghmode, V. Maharashtra government likely to reduce wages of beedi workers. 21 May 2018. Available from: https://indianexpress.com/article/ cities/mumbai/maharashtra-govt-likely-to-reduce-wages-of-beedi-workers-5185595/. Accessed on 28 September 2018.

Reply to Lok Sabha starred question no 180, Aug 19m: 2013.

GOI, Ministry of labour and employment, 2018. Available from: https://labour.gov.in. Accessed on 9 July 2018.

Government of India Ministry of Labour and Employment, Rehabilitation of bidi workers, New Delhi: Lok Sabha (GOI), 2016.

Right sharing of world Resource, Release from beedi rolling, 2018. Available from: https://www.rswr.org/release-from-beedi-rolling-2. Accessed on 6 July 2018.

Voluntary Health Association of India. ‘Mainstreaming bidi workers through alternative livelihood’. Health for The Millions, Feb-March 2010. 2010;35,36(6,1):37-41.

Voluntary Health Association of India ‘at the crossroads of life and livelihood’, the economic poverty and working conditions of people employed in the tobacco industry India. Health for The Millions, Feb-March 2010. 2010;35,36(6,1):31-36.

IANS. ‘Kerala government sanctions 20 crores for the Rehabilitation of bidi workers’, 26 March 2018. Available from: https://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ians/kerala-sanctions-rs-20-cr-for-rehabilitating-beedi-workers-118032600860_1.html. Accessed on 14 August 2018.

SEWA- Self-employed women association livelihood and skill development. Available from: http://sewabharat.org/across-india. Accessed on 10 October 2018.

MAVIM Skill Training for women. Available from: https://mavimindia.org/our-work. Accessed on 23 October 2018.

Mahila Arthik Vikas Mahamandal (MAVIM), Tejaswini Maharashtra Rural Women Employment Program, Mumbai; MAVIM 2016-17.

Banakar, P. Government’s rehabilitation plan for beedi workers finds few takers, 11th Aug 2018. Available from: http://www.newindianexpress.com/ nation. Accessed on 24 October 2018.

Jeril T, Francis SS. Occupational health risks of bidi rollers reinvestigated; issues and evidence. Int J Pharm Med Biol Sci. 2013;2(4):28-33.

India Ministry of Labour, Labour Bureau Report on socio-economic conditions of women workers in selected beedi units in India, Chandigarh: Ministry of Labour. The Bureau, 1996.