DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20204382

Oral hygiene practices and knowledge among children of age 10-13 years in a private school in Chennai, South India

Aravind Sunderavel Kumaravel Kanagavelu, Arun Chandran, Jaya Brinda

Abstract


Background: Oral health is an important and proven determinant of overall health and quality of life. It is well established that oral health and non-communicable diseases share common risk factors. Our study was designed to assess the practice and knowledge of oral health among 10-13 years old because at this age, lifelong beliefs and essential skills are developed.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was done by randomly selecting students from V to VIII standards in a private school. Data was collected using a pre-designed questionnaire. The results were analysed using ‘Jamovi’ software with 'Pearson Chi-square test’ and a p-value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: Out of the 210 students, only around 1/3rd of the students used both brush with toothpaste, and dental floss to clean their teeth. 123 (58.6%) students brushed twice a day. The association between the frequency of brushing and the age groups was statistically significant. Gender played a role in the duration of brushing.

Conclusions: It can be noted from our study that the oral practices and knowledge was better in 10-11 years olds than the 12-13-year olds and better in girls than in boys. Thus, oral education must be tailor made based on the calibre of a particular group instead of ‘one for all’ method.


Keywords


School health, Oral health, Practice, Knowledge, 10-13 years olds

Full Text:

PDF

References


World Health Organization. Fact sheet: Oral health, 2020. Available at: https://www.who.int/health-topics/oral-health/ Accessed on 10 July 2020.

DeStefano F, Anda RF, Kahn HS, Williamson DF, Russell CM. Dental disease and risk of coronary heart disease and mortality. Briti J Med. 1993;306:688-91.

Mattila KJ, Nieminen MS, Valtonen VV, Rasi VP, Kesäniemi YA, Syrjälä SL, et al. Association between dental health and acute myocardial infarction. Briti J Medi. 1989;298:779-81.

Seymour GJ, Ford PJ, Cullinan MP, Leishman S, Yamazaki K. Relationship between periodontal infections and systemic disease. Clini Microbio Infec. 2007;13:3-10.

Needleman I, Hirsch N. Oral health and respiratory diseases. Evide-base dentis. 2007;8:116.

Mojon P, Bourbeau J. Respiratory infection: how important is oral health? Curre Opini in Pulmon Medici. 2003;9:166-70.

Gomes-Filho IS, Passos JS, Seixas da Cruz S. Respiratory disease and the role of oral bacteria. J Oral Microbiol. 2010;2.

Bansal M, Khatri M, Taneja V. Potential role of periodontal infection in respiratory diseases - a review. J Medici Life. 2013;6:244-8.

James SL, Abate D, Abate KH, Abay SM, Abbafati C, Abbasi N, et al. Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 354 diseases and injuries for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lanc. 2018;392:1789-858.

Amar S, Han X. The impact of periodontal infection on systemic diseases. Medical Science Monitor: Int Medi J Experimen Clini Resea. 2003;9:RA291-9.

Kwan SYL, Petersen PE, Pine CM, Borutta A. Health-promoting schools: an opportunity for oral health promotion. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2005;83:677-85.

Nakre PD, Harikiran AG. Effectiveness of oral health education programs: A systematic review. J Int Soc Prevent Commun Dentist. 2013;3:103-15.

Sanadhya YK, Thakkar JP, Divakar DD, Pareek S, Rathore K, Yousuf A, et al. Effectiveness of oral health education on knowledge, attitude, practices and oral hygiene status among 12-15-year-old schoolchildren of fishermen of Kutch district, Gujarat, India. Int Maritime Heal. 2014;65:99-105.

Mehta A, Kaur G. Oral health-related knowledge, attitude, and practices among 12-year-old schoolchildren studying in rural areas of Panchkula, India. Ind J Dent Resea. 23:293.

Lian CW, Phing TS, Chat CS, Shin BC, Baharuddin LH, Jalil ZB, et al. Oral health knowledge, attitude and practice among secondary school students in Kuching, Sarawak. Archiv Orofaci Scienc. 2010;5:9-16.

Togoo RA, Yaseen SM, Zakirulla M, Nasim VS, Al Zamzami M. Oral hygiene knowledge and practices among school children in a rural area of southern Saudi Arabia. Int J Contempor Dentis. 3.

Prasai Dixit L, Shakya A, Shrestha M, Shrestha A. Dental caries prevalence, oral health knowledge and practice among indigenous Chepang school children of Nepal. Briti Med Cen. Oral Health. 2013;13:20.

Priya M, Devdas K, Amarlal D, Venkatachalapathy A. Oral health attitudes, knowledge and practice among school children in Chennai, India. J Educati Ethi Dentist. 2013;3:26.

Vishwanathaiah S. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Oral Health Practices of School Children in Davangere. Int J Clinic Pediat Dentist. 2016;9:172-6.

Mohiuddin S, Sadaa S, Qureshi A. Oral Health Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of a Public School Children of Karachi, Pakistan. J Dow Univers Heal Scienc. 2011;5:126-8.

De Almeida CM, Petersen PE, André SJ, Toscano A. Changing oral health status of 6-and 12-year-old schoolchildren in Portugal. Commun Dent Heal. 2003;20: 211-6.

Kuppuswamy VL, Murthy S, Sharma S, Surapaneni KM, Grover A, Joshi A. Oral hygiene status, knowledge, perceptions and practices among school settings in rural South India. Oral Heal Dent Managem. 2014;13:146-54.

Harikiran AG, Pallavi SK, Hariprakash S, Ashutosh, Nagesh KS. Oral health-related KAP among 11- to 12-year-old school children in a government-aided missionary school of Bangalore city. Ind J Dent Resea. 2008;19:236-42.

Al-Darwish MS. Oral health knowledge, behaviour and practices among school children in Qatar. Dental Research Journal 2016;13:342-53.

Davies RM, Ellwood RP, Davies GM. The rational use of fluoride toothpaste. Int J Dent Hygie. 2003;1:3-8.

Al-Tayar BA, Ahmad A, Sinor MZ, Harun MH. Oral health knowledge, attitude, and practices among Yemeni school students. J Int Ora Heal. 2019;11:15.

Al-Samadani KH, Ahmad MS, Bakeer HA, Elanbya MOG, Others. Oral health knowledge and practice among 9-12-year-old schoolchildren in the region of Madinah, Saudi Arabia, and its impact on the prevalence of dental caries. European Journal of General Dentistry 2017;6:54.