DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20204369

Knowledge and practices regarding management of minor ailments of pregnancy among antenatal mothers: a descriptive study from Rajasthan

Ankita Sharma, Raj Rani, Mamta Nebhinani, Pratibha Singh

Abstract


Background: Pregnancy is considered as one of the most beautiful events in every female life which brings a lot of physiological and hormonal changes to prepare women for motherhood. Even though these changes are not dangerous, still they are bothersome. Women use number of homemade remedies to alleviate these discomforts. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess knowledge and practices regarding management of minor ailments of pregnancy among antenatal mothers.

Methods: This study was conducted at obstetrics OPD of All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan. 368, 3rd trimester pregnant mothers were recruited by convenient sampling technique. Self- structured knowledge questionnaire, checklist for practice were used for data collection using face to face interview method.

Results: Most common health problems as reported by pregnant women were increased urine frequency and fatigue. Nearly 61% of mothers had fair knowledge levels. Majority of the antenatal mothers used one or another home remedy to alleviate their symptoms.  86.6% ate small and frequent meals followed by 74.3% avoided strong odors to prevent nausea and vomiting.

Conclusion: Increased urine frequency is the most evident minor ailment faced during pregnancy. Overall antenatal mothers had fair knowledge regarding management of minor ailments and varied practices have been performed by antenatal mothers to relieve their problems. There is a need to conduct aggressive and comprehensive health promotion and awareness sessions for the expectant mothers so as to manage these ailments and prevent further complications.


Keywords


Knowledge, Minor ailments of pregnancy, Practices, Antenatal mothers

Full Text:

PDF

References


Davis D. The Discomforts of pregnancy. J Obstet Gynaecol Neonatal Nursing.1996;25:7381.

Vaishali PA. A study to assess the knowledge regarding the selected minor ailments of pregnancy and its management among primigravida mothers attending clinics of selected maternity hospitals at Bijapur with a view to develop an information booklet. Available from: http;//www.rguhs.ac.in. Accessed on 15 July 2020.

Dutta DC. Textbook of obstetrics. 8th ed. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers’ Medical Publishers Ltd; 2015:114- 15.

Pregnancy the three trimesters. Available at: http://www.ucsfhealth.org/conditions/pregnancy/trimesters. Accessed on 23 January 2020.

Perinatal care: urinary frequency and thirst. Available at: https://www.healthline.com/health/pregnancy/urinary-frequency-thirst. Accessed on 23 January 2020.

Measuring maternal health: focus on maternal morbidity. Bulletin of WHO.2013. Available at: http://who.int/bulletin/volumes/91/10/13-117564/en. Accessed on 23 January 2020.

Vincet S, Nayak S, Paul S. A study on knowledge of Primi mothers on self- management of minor discomforts of pregnancy. Nitte University J health sci. 2015;5(2):2249-7110.

Agampodi SB, Wickramasinghe ND, Horton J, Agampodi TC. Minor ailments in pregnancy are not a minor concern for pregnant women: A Morbidity Assessment Survey in Rural Sri Lanka. PLoS ONE. 2013;8(5):1-6.

Kennedy DA, Lupattelli A, koren G, Nordeng H. Herbal medicine use in pregnancy: Results of a multinational study. BMC Complemen alt med. 2013;13(355):1-10.

Hassan EH, Sobhy S, Rakha El-Sayed, El-Khayat Iman. Traditional practices among rural women to relieve their common pregnancy minor discomforts: a descriptive study. Med Sci Healthcare Pract. 2019;3(2):56-90.

Naing L, Winn T, Rushli BN. Practical Issues in Calculating the Sample Size for Prevalence Studies. Arch Orofacial Sci. 2006;1:9-14.

Kaur A, Gagandeep. Assessment of knowledge and expressed practices regarding self-management of minor ailments among antennal mothers. IOSR J nursing health sci. 2017;6(1):49-54.

Alageswari A, Dash MB. Assessment of knowledge and expressed practice regarding self-management of minor aliments among antenatal mothers. EC Gynaecol. 2018;8:21-8.

Madhubala. A descriptive study to assess the prevalence of minor ailments during pregnancy, home care remedies adopted by primigravida mothers and to develop an information booklet regarding the management of minor ailment during pregnancy at selected hospitals of Delhi. Int J Nurse Midwifery Res. 2017;4:3-13.

D’souza V, Preethi, Priyanka, Ranjana, Rushali, Seena et al. A Study to Assess the Knowledge on Minor Ailments of Pregnancy Among Primi Mothers at Selected Hospital Honavar. J Nurses Voice and Impact. 2019;1(2):11-3.

Pinto D, Dilhshad, Emily, Honey, Jeethy, Prem A. The knowledge on minor ailments of pregnancy and its management among antenatal mothers: A descriptive approach. Int J recent scientific Res. 2014; 5(2):15503.

Aldossary AD, Shamandy AL, Haltham AA. A cross sectional study about knowledge and practices of primigravida women: minor and common pregnancy discomforts. Research and Reviews Journal of health and nursing sci. 2018;4(1):32-45.

Aziz KF, Maqsood SS. Self -management of pregnant women regarding minor discomforts in primary health care centers in Erbil city. Medl J Babylon. 2016;13(2):284-93.