DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20203926

Basic life support: a cross-sectional study of knowledge in undergraduate medical students of Maharashtra

Suchita Narayan Kawale, Manjusha A. Shinde, Prashant Satawaji Shinde

Abstract


Background: Basic life support (BLS) is defined as medical procedures and skills that can be utilized in case of emergency to save lives. Objective was to study the knowledge of basic life support in undergraduate medical students of Maharashtra.

Methods: A cross-sectional study on undergraduate medical students from first to final year MBBS in July 2018 in the Community Medicine department, Government medical college, Maharashtra.

Results: Out of the total 300 students, 59.34% were females and 40.66% were males. 42% were from first MBBS, 38% from second and 20% from final MBBS. While 67% had previous training of BLS and 38% had performed CPR before. (91%) knew abbreviation of BLS (32%) students could identify location for chest compression in adults, (31%) knew the compression rate and (19%) knew about rescue breathing in infants. While (30%) and (21%) had the knowledge on depth of chest compression in adults and infants respectively. However, only (31%) and (29%) knew that the recommended chest compression to ventilation ratio in adult and infants respectively.

Conclusions: The study highlights that majority of students were lacking the knowledge of basic life support. It is the need of the hour to provide BLS training to all the medical students.


Keywords


Basic life support, Knowledge, Undergraduate medical students

Full Text:

PDF

References


Sharma R, Attar N. Adult BLS awareness and knowledge among medical and dental interns, NITTE university. J Health Sci. 2012;2(3):6-13.

Reddy S, Doshi D, Reddy P, Kulkarini S. Awareness of BLS among staff and students in dental school. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2013;14(3):511-7.

Saiyad SM, Saiyad M, Pandya CJ. Implementation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation workshop in first MBBS. Int J Appl Basic Med Res. 2015;5(1):11-3.

Aroor AR, Saya RP, Attar NR, Saya GK, Ravinanthanan M. Awareness about basic life support and emergency medical services and its associated factors among students in a tertiary care hospital in South India. J Emerg Trauma Shock. 2014;7(3):166.

Pantazopoulos I, Aggelina A, Barouxis D, Papapanagiotou P, Troupis G, Kotsiomitis E, et al. Cardiologists’ knowledge of the 2005 American Heart Association resuscitation guidelines: the Athens study. Heart Lung. 2011;40(4):278-84.

Chaudhari MS, Panchal NN, Kamat HV, Ganjiwale J. Knowledge of 2015 basic life support (BLS) guidelines among doctors and nursing staff of a rural based tertiary care hospital, in western India: current status and requirement. Indian J Anaesth. 2017;4:193-7.

Osinaike B, Aderinto D, Oyebamiji E, Dairo M, Diya K. Evaluation of knowledge of doctors in a Nigrian tertiary hospital of CPR. Niger Med Pract. 2007;52:16-8.

Elif AA, Zeynep K. Knowledge of basic life support: a pilot study of the Turkish population by Baskent University in Ankara. Resuscitation. 2003;58:187-92.

Abid M, Shahzad S, Abid A, Shahzadi H, Akhtar J Awais H. Basic life support: knowledge and attitude of medical students. World J Pharm Med Res. 2019;5(3):316-24.

Roshana S, Batajoo KH, Piryani RM, Sharma MW. Basic life support: knowledge and attitude of medical/paramedical professionals, World J Emerg Med. 2012;3(2)141-5.

Majid A, Jamali M, Ashrafi MM, Haq Z, Irfan R, Rehan A, et al. Knowledge and attitude towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation among doctors of a tertiary care hospital in Karachi. Cureus. 2019;11(3):e4182.

Kumar HHN, Upadhya SP, Ashok SP, Chowdari AG, Niranjan GM, Dinesh B. A cross-sectional study on awareness and perception about basic life support/cardio-pulmonary resuscitation among undergraduate medical students from coastal South India. Int J Med Public Health. 2013;3(3):146-50.