DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20200980

Working condition and work-life balance of working women in a tertiary care hospital in a metropolitan city of Tamil Nadu: a cross sectional study

Sushil Shankar T. K., Nisha B., Harsha Vardhini R., Timsi Jain

Abstract


Background: Quality of work life and work life balance needs to be assessed as there is decline in labor force of married working women. The current study attempted to assess working conditions and work life balance of married working women in tertiary care hospital.

Methods: A cross sectional section was conducted in tertiary health care hospital for six months period. A total of 254 married working women of various professions such as doctors, nurses, human resource, hospital administrators, secretaries, attenders and housekeeping were selected using universal sampling method. The data collection was done using the instrument “work environment survey 2011 (we are finding patterns in employee attitudes)” for assessing working condition and “work life conflict scale” to assess the work life balance of these women. Results were expressed in frequency, mean and chi square with p<0.5 was significant.

Results: About half of the study population women 152 (59.84%) are involved in health care sector and 53.94% of them earn per capita income of above 20,000. The mean of total working conditions score in the study population is 13.82 with a standard deviation of 4.64. Increase workload and nature of spouse are associated with poor working condition.

Conclusions: Majority of married women working in tertiary care hospital were moderately satisfied with the working conditions. Quality of work life can be promoted by recognition of the work done, providing autonomy of work, sufficient staffing with better working environment.


Keywords


Healthcare workers, Poor working conditions, Universal sampling, Work life conflict scale, Work-life balance

Full Text:

PDF

References


ENWHP | European Network for Workplace Health Promotion. Enwhp.org. 2007. Available at: http://www.enwhp.org/fileadmin/rsdokumente/dateien/Luxembourg_Declaration.pdf. Accessed 2 December 2019.

Brooks, A.B. Development of an instrument to measure quality of nurses' worklife. figshare. University of Illinois at Chicago; 2019 Available at: http://hdl.handle.net/10027/11732. Accessed 3 December 2019.

Clark S. Work/Family Border Theory: A New Theory of Work/Family Balance. Human Relations. 2000;53(6):747-70.

Holmes M. Longwoods Scholar Dr. Davy C.H. Cheng. Healthcare Quarterly. 2010;13(4):27-29.

Thakre SB, Thakre SS, Thakre SN. Quality of work life of nurses working at tertiary health care institution: a cross sectional study. International J Comm Med Public Health. 2017;4(5):1627.

Dehghan Nayeri N, Salehi T, Ali Asadi Noghabi A. Quality of work life and productivity among Iranian nurses. Contemporary Nurse. 2011;39(1):106-18.

Rajan P, Bellare B. Work related stress and its anticipated solutions among post-graduate medical resident doctors: A cross-sectional survey conducted at a tertiary municipal hospital in Mumbai, India. Indian J Med Sci. 2011;65(3):100.

Work Environment Survey (2011). Public Service Secretariat, Human Resource Policy and Planning Division, New Foundland, Labrador. Available at: http://www.exec.gov.nl.ca/exec/hrs/publications/work_environment_survey_2011.pdf. Accessed 3 December 2019.

Netemeyer R, Boles J, McMurrian R. Development and validation of work-family conflict and family-work conflict scales. J Applied Psychol. 1996;81(4):400-10.

H.H.D.N.P, OPTHA. and L.K, Teong. Enhancing Your Personal Quality Staffweb.sjp.ac.lk. 2014 Available at: http://staffweb.sjp.ac.lk/?q=opatha/ publications/enhancing-your-personal-q. Accessed 2 December 2019.

The Global Gender Gap Report 2017. World Economic Forum. Available at: https://www.we forum.org/reports/the-global-gender-gap-report-2017. Accessed 3 December 2019.

National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) 2015-16. . Rchiips.org. Available at: http://rchiips.org/ nfhs/pdf/NFHS4/GA_FactSheet.pdf. Accessed 2 December 2019.

Thakre SB, Thakre SS, Thakre SN. Quality of work life of nurses working at tertiary health care institution: a cross sectional study. Int J Commu Med Public Health. 2017;4(5):1627.

Dargahi H. Radiology Employees ‘Quality of Work Life in Tehran University of Medical Sciences Hospitals’ Radiology Departments. Iranian J Radiol. 2011;08(03):192-3.

Kumar R, Ahmed J, Shaikh B, Hafeez R, Hafeez A. Job satisfaction among public health professionals working in public sector: a cross sectional study from Pakistan. Human Res Health. 2013;11(1).

AbuAlRub RF, Al-Zaru IM. Job stress, recognition, job performance and intention to stay at work among Jordanian hospital nurses. J Nurs Manag. 2008;16(3):227-36.

Sharma S. Multiple‐roles and women’s health: a multi‐linear model. Equal Opportunities Int. 1999;18(8):16-23.

Carlson DS, Kacmar K, Williams LJ. Construction and Initial Validation of a Multidimensional Measure of Work–Family Conflict. J Vocational Behavior. 2000;56(2):249-76.

Clark S. Work/Family Border Theory: A New Theory of Work/Family Balance. Human Relations. 2000;53(6):747-70.