DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20195863

Awareness, acceptance and practice of plastic ban legislation among residents of an urban area in Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu: a cross sectional study

Sujitha P., Swetha N. B., Gopalakrishnan S.

Abstract


Background: Convenience of plastic use pays a high price by negatively affecting health and environment. As nationwide ban on use of plastic carry bags failed, statewide ban was imposed in Tamil Nadu from 1st January 2019. This study was planned with the objective of determining the awareness, acceptance and practice of plastic ban legislation among residents in urban population in Kancheepuram district, Tamil Nadu.

Methods: This community based cross sectional study was carried out with a sample size of 250 using systematic random sampling method. Data was collected using structured questionnaire and further analysis was done with SPSS Version 25 Software.

Results: About 94% respondents were aware of legislation and 76% had a positive attitude towards the ban. About 52% participants continued using plastic bags despite the ban. Common source of knowledge about the ban was mass media (42%). About 80% were aware of the negative effects of plastic use and 70% were aware that plastics are non-bio-degradable. Statistically significant association was found between various socio demographic factors with the use of plastic bags. Alternate eco-friendly bags usage was found among 48% of respondents.

Conclusions: Good awareness level about the ill effects of plastic use and its ban was observed but the level of implementation in their daily life was poor. Even after the preparatory period of six months given to get accustomed to eco-friendly alternatives, the use of plastic bags still remains rampant. IEC activities need to be intensified to bring about changes in the attitude and practice of plastic use.


Keywords


Carry bags, Attitude, Eco-friendly, Alternatives

Full Text:

PDF

References


National Environment Agency. Waste Statistics and Recycling Rate for 2010. Available at: http://www.cpcb.nic.in. Accessed on 14 August 2019.

Ecology center. The problems with Plastics. Available at: https://ecologycenter.org/plastics/ Accessed on 19 August 2019.

Kari Embree. Global plastics packaging market to hit $375 billion by 2020. Available at: https://www.plasticstoday.com/packaging/global-plastics-packaging-market-hit-375-billion-2020/23800481624973. Accessed on 14 August 2019.

Gourmelon G. Global plastic production rises recycling lags; New worldwide institute analysis explore trends in plastics consumption and recycling for immediate release. Available AT: https://www.projectaware.org/update/global-plastic-production-rises-recycling-lags Accessed on 02 June 2019.

Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. Beat Plastic Pollution. Available at: http://moef.gov.in/beat-plastic-pollution-good-news-from-india-2/. Accessed on 20 August 2019.

Women in Europe for a Common Future. Dangerous Health Effects of Home Burning of Plastics and Waste. Available from: http://www.wecf.eu/ cms/download/2004-2005/homeburning_plastics. pdf. Accessed on 02 June 2019.

A wide angle view of India. The global war against plastic. Available at: https://nitawriter.wordpress. com/2007/10/24/the-global-war-against-plastic/ Accessed on 26 July 2019.

Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India. Plastic Waste Management Issues, solutions & case studies. Available at: http://164.100.228.143:8080/sbm/content/writereaddata/SBM%20Plastic%20Waste%20Book.pdf. Accessed on 08 June 2019.

Ministry of Environment. Plastic Waste Management (Amendment) Rules, 2018. Available at: http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/ content/454052/plastic-waste-management-amendment-rules-2018/. Accessed on 26 July 2019.

Tamil Nadu Pollution control Board. Ban on use of one time use and throwaway plastics. Available at https://www.tnpcb.gov.in/pdf_2018/G.O_84_BanPlastic3718. Accessed on 01 August 2019.

Joseph N, Kumar A, Majgi SM, Kumar GS, Prahalad RB. Usage of plastic bags and health hazards: A study to assess awareness level and perception about legislation among a small population of Mangalore city. J Clin Diagn Res. 2016;10(4):LM01-4.

Foundation for Organisational Research & Education. Use of plastic bags: factors affecting ecologically oriented behavior in consumers. Available at https://www.thefreelibrary.com/Use+of+plastic+bags%3a+factors+affecting+ecologically+oriented+behavior...-a0192438179. Accessed on 02 September 2019.

Gupta K. Consumer responses to incentives to reduce plastic bag use: Evidence from a field experiment in urban India. SAMDEE; 2011.

Xing X. Study on the ban on free plastic bags in China. J Sustainable Develop. 2009;2(1):156-8.

Brittany Turner, Jessica Sutton. Plastic bags: Hazards and mitigation. Available at http://digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1082&context=socssp Accessed on 19 July 2019.

Sung GB. Ban on Plastic Bags Usage-Is It a Right Move? An Empirical Study on Consumer Perception and Practice. Research Report in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Business Administration. Malaysia: UniversitiSains Malaysia; 2010.

Sanghi S. Use of plastic bags: factors affecting ecologically oriented behavior in consumers. Abhigyan. 2008;26(3):34-46.

Adane L, Muleta D. Survey on the usage of plastic bags, their disposal and adverse impacts on environment: A case study in Jimma City, Southwestern Ethiopia. J Toxicol Environ Health Sci. 2011;3:234-48.

Rajkumar P. A study on the plastic waste and environmental degradation. Journal of Advanced Research. 2015;4(1):9-15.

Singh MK, Devi SR. Hazards of Plastic Bags in Dholpur-A Small District town of Rajasthan, India. Int Res J Environ Sci. 2013;2:6-10.