DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20195491

Impact of educational intervention on the tuberculosis knowledge among the medical students, Chennai

Aravind Manoharan, Vinoth Gnana Chellaiyan, Jasmine M., Fasna Liaquathali

Abstract


Background: Knowledge of tuberculosis has recognized as important tool to prevent the occupational risk of contracting tuberculosis among the medical students. Though tuberculosis health education has been recognized in the medical college’s curriculum, the studies suggest the lack of knowledge of this killer disease among the medical students. This study was conducted with objective to assess level of knowledge of tuberculosis among the medical students and impact of education intervention on their knowledge.

Methods: A quasi experimental study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital, Chennai from January to March 2019 with a sample size of 119. The participants were assessed using a pre-tested, semi- structured questionnaire. An educational intervention was given through audio visual aid and post-test was conducted after one month. The median scores were calculated and Wilcoxon signed ranks test was applied.

Results: Among the study participants, the mean age was 20.32±0.7 years. There was a significant improvement in the adequate knowledge of etiology, risk factors, clinical features and treatment following health education intervention. The post-test median score was statistically significant in all the domains of knowledge.

Conclusions: The study showed poor existing knowledge of tuberculosis among the medical students which improved with an educational intervention which implies a need to revamp the undergraduate curriculum to improve the knowledge and practices among medical students.


Keywords


Educational intervention, Medical curriculum, Medical students, Tuberculosis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ou Y, Luo Z, Mou J, Ming H, Wang X, Yan S, et al. Knowledge and determinants regarding tuberculosis among medical students in Hunan, China: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2018;18(1):730.

Global tuberculosis report. World Health Organization. 2018. Available at: http://www.who.int/tb/publications/ global_report/en/. Accessed on 3 January 2019.

WHO. WHO End TB Strategy, 2015. Available at: https://www.who.int/tb/post2015_strategy/en/. Accessed on 3 January 2019.

Burwen CJ, Dooley MS, Simone MP. Guidelines for preventing the transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in health-care facilities, 1994. MMWR. Recomm Rep. 1994;43:1-32.

Jensen PA, Lambert LA, Iademarco MF, Ridzon R. Guidelines for preventing the transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in health-care settings; 2005.

Chaulet P, Campbell I, Boelen C. Tuberculosis control and medical schools. WHO/TB/98.236. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1998.

Basavaraj A, Chandanwale A, Patil A, Kadam D, Joshi S, Gupte N, et al. Tuberculosis risk among medical trainees, Pune, India. Emerg Infect Dis. 2016.;22(3):541.

Woith WM, Volchenkov G, Larson JL. Russian health care workers' knowledge of tuberculosis and infection control (Notes from the field). The Int J Tubercul Lung Dis. 2010;14(11):1489-92.

Montagna MT, Napoli C, Tafuri S, Agodi A, Auxilia F, Casini B, et al. Knowledge about tuberculosis among undergraduate health care students in 15 Italian universities: a cross-sectional study. BMC Pub Health. 2014;14(1):970.

Mehta D, Bassi R, Singh M, Mehta C. To study the knowledge about tuberculosis management and national tuberculosis program among medical students and aspiring doctors in a high tubercular endemic country. Ann Trop Med Pub Health. 2012;5(3):206.

Teixeira EG, Menzies D, Cunha AJ, Luiz RR, Ruffino-Netto A, Scartozzoni MS, et al. Knowledge and practices of medical students to prevent tuberculosis transmission in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública. 2008;24:265-70.

Behnaz F, Mohammadzade G, Mohammadzadeh M. Assessment of knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding tuberculosis among final year students in Yazd, central Iran. J Epidemiol Global Health. 2014;4(2):81-5.

Olakunle OS, Oladimeji O, Olalekan AW, Olugbenga-Bello A, Akinleye C, Oluwatoyin OA. Knowledge of tuberculosis management using directly observed treatment short course therapy among final year medical students in South Western Nigeria. Pan African Med J. 2014;18(1).

Panaligan R, Guiang J. Impact of health education on the knowledge and awareness of tuberculosis among high school students. 2012:p2655.

Thilakavathi S, Nirupama C, Rani B, Balambal R, Sundaram V, Ganapathy S, et al. Knowledge of tuberculosis in a south Indian rural community, initially and after health education. Indian J Tuber. 1999;46:251-4.

Gopichandran V, Roy P, Sitaram A. Impact of a simple educational intervention on the knowledge and awareness of tuberculosis among high school children in Vellore, India. Indian J Comm Med. 2010;35(1):174.

Bhore PD, Bhore CP, Powar S, Nade AL, Kartikeyan S, Chaturvedi RM. Child-to-parent education: a pilot study. Indian J Lepr. 1992;64:51-7.