DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20193481

Assessment of work-related health hazards, personal hygiene and utilization of personal protective equipment’s among stone quarry workers: a cross sectional study in Central India

Manish A. Prasad, Nirmal Verma, Kamlesh Jain, Pradeep Dewangan

Abstract


Background: It is estimated that exposures in the workplace account for around one in ten cases respiratory morbidities in adulthood. Being a respiratory ailment, this group of disorders impairs the pulmonary functions. The objective of the study was to assess the work-related health hazards, personal hygiene and utilization of personal protective equipments among stone quarry workers in Wardha district in Maharashtra.

Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted among 348 subjects working in the stone quarries situated in Yelakeli, Deoli, Paloti, Pulgaon, Borgaon, Nachangaon in Wardha district in Maharashtra.

Results: 114 (32.75%) of the people reportedly had respiratory problems, body ache was reported by 154 (44.2%), eye problem was reported by 66 (18.9%), fever was told by 13 people (3.7%), other problems (like hearing related, skin, GIT etc) reported were 14 (4.02%). Chi-square test was found to be non-significant.

Conclusions: None of the workers had undergone pre-placement examination. Personal protective measures are rarely used by stone quarry workers. 


Keywords


Stone quarry, Respiratory problems, Personal hygiene, Personal protective equipments

Full Text:

PDF

References


Occupational Health Management in the Quarry Industry. Quarries National Joint Advisory Committee, 2004. Available at http://www.hse.gov.uk/aboutus/meetings/committees/qnjac /qnjac-ohg.pdf. Accessed 5 January 2014.

Yin LM, Hsieh WA, Tseng CC et al. Occupational exposure assessment and health hazard analysis of stone workers. J Occu Safety and Health. 2011;19(2):433-47.

Elmes PC. Inorganic dusts. In: Raffle PA, Adams PH, Baxter PJ and Lee WR (eds.) 8th ed. Hunter’s Diseases of Occupations. London, Edward Arnold Publications; 1994: 421-428.

Kamat SR, Thiruvengdam KV, Rao TL. A study of pulmonary function among Indians and assessment of wright’s peak flow meter in relation to spirometer for field use. Amer Rev Resp Dis. 1967;96(4):707-16.

Mathur ML, Dixit AK. A study of forced vital capacity and its predictors among the sand stone quarry workers. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 1999;43(3):347-54.

Sharma DB, Patel TA, Varshney AM. A study on health aspects of agate workers in Shakarpura- Khambat. J Indian Asso Prev Social Med. 2011;2(1):41-5.

Tiwari RR, Sharma YK, Saiyed HN. Peak expiratory flow: a study among silica-exposed workers, India. Indian J Occup Environ Med. 2004;8(1):7-10.

Aliyu AA, Shehu AU. Occupational hazards and safety measures among stone quarry workers in northern Nigeria. Niger Med Pract. 2006;50(2):42-7.

Ugbogu OC, Ohakwe J, Foltescu V. Occurrence of respiratory and skin problems among manual stone-quarrying workers. Afr J Resp Med. 2009;23-26.

Singh SK, Chowdhary GR, Chhangani VD, Purohit G. Quantification of reduction in forced vital capacity of sand stone quarry workers. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2007;4(4):296-300.

Ghotkar VB, Maldhure BR, Zodpey SP. Involvement of lung and lung function tests in stone quarry workers. Ind J Tub. 1995;42:155-60.

Aghilinejad M, Naserbakht A, Naserbakht M, Attari G. Silicosis among stone- cutter workers: a cross-sectional study. Tanaffos. 2012;11(2):38-41.

Adams JS, Raju R, Solomon V, Samuel P, Dutta AK, Rose JS, et al. Increasing compliance with protective eyewear to reduce ocular injuries in stone-quarry workers in Tamil Nadu, India: a pragmatic, cluster randomized trial of a single education session versus an enhanced education package delivered over six months. Injury. 2013;44(1):118-25.