DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20192065

A cross sectional study to assess the morbidity pattern among under five year old children in urban Chitradurga, South India

Sherin Joseph Xavier Kallupurackal, Hamsaveni G., Aarsha Rafeek, Anarin Mendez, Kalpitha K. Manu, Lavanya Chitturi, Monika G., Naveen G. P., Nikhitha D. Hoolageri, Osuri Ayodhya Spurthi

Abstract


Background: Children under 5 years of age constitute approximately 15% of the country’s total population. First 1000 days of life is the most crucial period, as this age is known for high growth rate and development. They constitute most vulnerable section of the society and suffer from highest morbidity. Good personal hygiene and sanitary condition of living now forms a part of primary health prevention strategy and it is found to be effective for reducing morbidity and mortality in children.

Methods: It’s a community based cross sectional study among 150 children of less than five years of age for a period of 4 months from November 2018 to February 2019 in the urban field practice area of Basaveshwara Medical College and Hospital, Chitradurga.

Results: In our present study we found respiratory tract infection is the predominant ailment followed by gastrointestinal clinical features accounting for 39% and 33% respectively. Though the factors like birth weight, immunisation of majority of population were fair but in later years of life found that weight for height was not achieved as per standard protocol among major of the study population.

Conclusions: By health education for the caretaker regarding mother-crafting and satisfactory environmental condition can reduce the prevalence of morbidity.


Keywords


Morbidity pattern, Under five year, Urban

Full Text:

PDF

References


Patel D, Dindod D. Nutritional and morbidity profile of children aged 2-5 years attending Anganwadi at urban slum areas of Jamnagar city. Int J Sci Res. 2012;2(11):385-7.

Suryakantha AH. Community Medicine with Recent Advances, 4th edition, Jaypee publisher, 2017: 644.

Mohan P, Kishore B, Singh S, Bahl R, Puri A, Kumar R. Assessment of Implementation of Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness in India. J Health Population Nutr. 2012;29(6):629-38.

Park K. Park's textbook of Preventive and social medicine, 25th edition, Jabalpur Bhanot publisher, 2019: 526.

Nigudgi S, Patil V, Tenglikar S, Shrinivasreddy B, Vijayanath V. A Study to Assess the Morbidity Pattern among School Going Children of Gulbarga City. Indian J Public Health Res Develop. 2013;4(4):108.

Ahmadu B, Solomon J, Zira F, Aisha A, Rimamchika M, Ibrahim A. Compliance and Usability of Weber and Rinne’s Tests For Audio Acuity Among Primary School Children From a Health Resource Poor Community. J Nepal Paediatr Society. 2013;33(2):95-8.

Rchiips.org. National Family Health Survey, 2019. Available at: http://rchiips.org/NFHS/factsheet_ NFHS-4.shtml. Accessed on 11 April 2019.

Ukey U, Chitre D. Morbidity profile of preschool children in an urban slum area. Indian Med Gazette. 2012: 300-304.

Mandal PK. Study of morbidity pattern of children upto age of five years with special reference to osseous development. Int J Contemp Pediatr. 2018;5(2):477-82.

Narkhede V, Sinha U, Bhardwaj SD, Pitale S. Morbidity Profile in Under Five Children in Urban Slum Area of Nagpur. Natl J Community Med 2012;3(3):442-6.

Arepalli S, Rao G. Study of nutritional status of preschool children in areas of Kallur Primary Health Center, Kurnool District. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016;5(11):2351.

Karmakar N, Datta A, Nag K, Bhattacharjee P, Tripura K, Singha S, et al. Morbidity profile of under-five children in a peri-urban area of Tripura- A community-based study. J Evid Based Med Healthc. 2017;4(92),5595-9.

Yamuna BN, Ratnaprabha GK, Kengnal P. Prevalence of acute morbidities and their health seeking behaviour among under-five children of urban slums in a city in Karnataka. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4:2449-56.

Rasheed N, Khan Z, Khalique N, Siddiqui AR, Hakim S. Family planning differentials among religious groups: A study in India. Int J Med Public Health. 2015;5:98-101.

Ram F, Shekhar C, Chowdhury B. Use of traditional contraceptive methods in India & its socio-demographic determinants. Indian J Med Res. 2014;140(1):S17–S28.

Gupta S, Jamwal DS, Kumar D, Gupta SK. Morbidity among Under Five Children in a Rural Area of Jammu. J.K. Sci. 2012;14(2):86.

Nayak KR, Walvekar PR, Mallapur DM. Morbidity Profile of Under-five Children residing in Rural Area of North Karnataka. Indian J Prevent Med. 2013;1(1):41-7.

Khalid M, Kumari R, Mohan U, Manar MK, Singh VK. Morbidity profile of poreschool children from below poverty line families of Lucknow district, North India. Int J Adv Res. 2014;2(11):627-34.