DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20192823

Assessment of Anemia status among school going adolescent of Raipur and Jashpur district of Chhattisgarh

Shailendra Agrawal, Kamlesh Kumar Jain, Mini Sharma, Nirmal Verma, Shubhra A. Gupta, Madhu Gaikwad

Abstract


Background: According to WHO, adolescence is the population of 10-19 years of age. According to NFHS III, in Chhattisgarh, 58.7% adolescent girls and 34.6% adolescent boys aged between 15-19 years were anemic. So, to combat anemia MoHFW launched weekly iron and folic acid supplementation (WIFS) programme with the objectives to reduce the prevalence. Thus the present study was in attempts with the objective to assess anemia status among school going adolescent of Raipur and Jashpur districts of Chhattisgarh.

Methods: It was a school based cross-sectional study conducted in the two districts of Chhattisgarh during 2017-18 among the students aged between 12-19 years and the sample size was 480. By using simple random sampling method, four schools from each district and from each school total 60 students i.e. 10 students from each class 7th -12th were selected by using systematic random sampling method. Permission from DEO of the respective district followed by permission from the principal of each schools and consent from parents of the student was taken and then study was proceeded.

Results: In the present study, the mean age of the students in Raipur and Jashpur district was 15.1±1.8 years and 15.2±1.8 years respectively. Out of all the students, in Raipur district, 101 (42.1%) students were found to be anemic and mean Hemoglobin level was 12.5±1.9 gm/dl. In Jashpur district about two third 147 (61.2%) of the students were anemic and mean Hemoglobin level was 11.9±1.9 gm/dl.

Conclusions: This study concluded that anemia is still high among adolescent boys and girls.


Keywords


Anemia, Adolescents, WIFS programme

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References


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