DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20192330

Traditional beliefs and practices in newborn care among mothers in a tertiary care centre in Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

Akhil Bangari, Sunil Kumar Thapliyal, Ruchi Ruchi, Bindu Aggarwal, Utkarsh Sharma

Abstract


Background: Neonatal care practices are different in different communities. Before any intervention planned to reduce mortality and mortality in community, understanding of local belief and practices is necessary. Some of the harmful practices need to be abandoned and good or harmless practices need to be appreciated. This study was conducted to understand the cultural beliefs and practices in newborn care among residents of Uttarakhand.

Methods: This was descriptive, cross-sectional study carried out among 300 postnatal mothers admitted to the hospital. The data was collected using self-administered questionnaires. Statistical analyses of the data was done using SSPS version 22.0.

Results: 4% of the mothers believed colostrum to be unsuitable for the newborn. 71% mothers were practicing daily baby massage. 71.3% believed that hot and cold foods can harm their baby’s health. 57.3% practiced application of Kajal on baby’s face. 74.7% of mothers would keep Knife under pillow and 16.7% match box under baby’s cloth. 5.3% mother believed in practice of branding. 81% of mothers accept to practice of pouring oil in baby’s ear. 22.3% mothers believed in isolating mother baby together for 30-40 days.

Conclusions: Certain practices are still prevalent like Branding, discarding colostrum, Kajal application, pouring oil in baby’s ear and very restricted dietary regime of mothers. These practices need to be stopped by educating mothers and relatives in postnatal wards.


Keywords


Belief, Culture, Colostrum, Branding, New born care

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bhutta ZA, Darmstadt GL, Hasan BS, Haws RA. Community based intervention for imp;roving perinatal and neonatal health outcomes in developing countries; a review of evidence. Pediatrics. 2005;115( Suppl 2):519-617.

Lawn JE, Cousens S, Zupan J. Lancet Neonatal survival steering Team. $ million neonatal deaths; when ? where? Why? Lancet. 2008;365;891-900.

Lawn JE, Kinney MV, Black RE; et al; newborn survival; a multi – country analysis of a decade of change. Health Policy Plan. 2010;27;1116-28.

Bhutta ZA. Bridging the equity gap in maternal and child health. BMJ. 2005;331;585-6.

Darmstadt GL, Bhutta ZA, Cousens S, Adam T, Walker N, de Bernis L, et al. Evidence – based, cost effective interventions; how many newborn babys we can save? Lancet. 2005;365;977-88.

Lawn JE, Cousens S, Darmstadt GL, Bhutta ZA, Martines J, Paul V, et al. 1 year after the Lancet neonatal survival series – was the call for action heard? Lancet. 2006;367;1541-7.

Altuntuğ K, Anık Y, Ege E. Traditional Practices of Mothers in the Postpartum Period:Evidence from Turkey. African J Reprod Health. 2018;22(1):94-102.

Karabulutlu O. Determining of the traditional practices at postpartum period which is applied to maintenance of infant in Kars. DEUHYO ED. 2014;7(4):295-302.

Ekambaram M, Bhat VB, Ahamed MAP. Knowledge, attitude and practice of breasting among postnatal mothers. Current Pediatr Res. 2010;14 (2):119-24.

Nethra N, Udgiri R. A study on traditional beliefs and practices in newborn care among mothers in a tertiary health care centre in Vijayapura, North Karnataka: Int J Community Med Public Health. 2018;5(3):1035-40.

Reshma, Sujatha R. Cultural practices and beliefs on newborn care among mothers in a selected hospital of Mangalore taluk. Nitte University J Health Sci. 2014;4(2):21-6.

Khan MH, Khalique N, Khan R, Ahmad A. Good and harmful neonatal practices among pregnant women in periurban area of Aligarh. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013;2(3):553-7.

Ganjoo C, Rowlands R. Breastfeeding and weaning practices of urban housewives in Srinagar. Indian J Nutr Diet. 1988;25(11):354-8.

Sasikala P, Jyothi C, Chandershekhar V, Kumar C, Bhashkar S. A study on traditional beliefs and practices in newborn care among Women attending UHTC, NMC, Nellore A.P. National J Res Community Med. 2017;6(2):120-4.

Shankaranarayanan K, Mondkar JA, Chauhan MM, Mascarenhas BM, Mainkar AR, Salvi RY. Oil massage in neonates: an open randomized controlled study of coconut versus mineral oil. Indian Pediatr. 2005;42:877-84.

Benakappa AD, Shivamurthy P. Beliefs regarding diet during childhood illness. Indian J Community Med. 2012;37(1):20-4.

Cacodcar J. A Cross-Sectional Study on Child Rearing Practices in Rural Goa. JKIMSU. 2015;4(4):192.

Catherin N, Rock B, Roger V, Ankita C, Ashish G, Delwin P, et al. Beliefs and practices regarding nutrition during pregnancy and lactation in a rural area in Karnataka, India: a qualitative study. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2015;2(2):116-20.

Vaishnav R. An example of the toxic potential of traditional eye cosmetics. Indian J Pharmacol. 2001;33:46-8.

Akkamamba B, Padmanalini P, Sunil S. Impact of health education on the knowledge of mothers on newborn care practices- A study done in a tertiary care centre. J Evolution Med Dent Sci. 2017;6(82):5778-82.

Sunanda B, Paul S. a study on cultural practices of postnatal mothers in selected hospitals at mangalore. Nitte University J Health Sci. 2103;3(3):43-8.

Shakya BK. Cultural practices during postnatal period in Tamang community in Bhaktapur district of Nepal. J Nepal Health Res Council. 2006;4(2):1-6.

Premji S, Khowaja S, Mehrali S, Forgeron R. Sociocultural influences on newborn health in the first 6 weeks of life: qualitative study in a fishing village in Karachi, Pakistan. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2014;14:232.

Baştuğ O, Korkmaz L, Korkut S, Halis H, Güneş T, Kurtoğlu S. A harmful traditional practice in newborns with adrenocorticotropic hormone resistance syndrome: branding. Turk Pediatri Ars. 2016;51(4):224–7.

Mehta MH, Anand JS, Mehta L, Modha HC, Patel RV. Neonatal branding-towards branding eradication. Indian Pediatr. 1992;29:788–9.