DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20192324

Cross-sectional study of emotional quotient among post graduate students in Rajarajeswari medical college and hospital, Bengaluru

Aishwarya Subramanian, Shashikala Manjunatha

Abstract


Background: Medical education in India traditionally emphasizes physician’s medical knowledge with less emphasis on interpersonal skills and ability to relate to the patients. Emotional intelligence is desirable among doctors to contribute towards patient centered practice, patient satisfaction as well as effective communication skills. This study was undertaken to assess the emotional quotient of postgraduate medical students and to investigate its relationship with various factors to act as baseline for future work in this area.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among all postgraduate students of Rajarajeswari Medical College and Hospital, Bengaluru over a period of two months. Emotional quotient (EQ) was assessed using a pretested, semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire. Data was analyzed by using SPSS version 21.0. All qualitative variables were presented as frequency and percentages.

Results: Total respondents in the study were 173. Emotional Quotient was assessed based on four factors; self- awareness, self-management, social awareness and social skills, by plotting the results on a 1(lowest) to 10(high score) scale. Majority of respondents 79.76% (self awareness) and 71.79% (self management) had low scores (below 6). More females (74.73%) obtained low scores as compared to males (67.94%) in self management. In social awareness 61.53% males had low scores compared to 55.78% in females. Self management and social skills were better in postgraduates of surgical fields whereas postgraduates in medical fields had high scores in social awareness.

Conclusions: Emotional quotient with its four main components is low among most of the postgraduates. This was more so in self awareness domain.


Keywords


Emotional quotient, Medical postgraduates, Bengaluru

Full Text:

PDF

References


Van Rooy DL, Viswesvaran C. Emotional intelligence: A meta-analytic investigation of predictive validity and nomological net. J Vocational Behavior. 2004;65:71–95.

Goleman D. Working with Emotional Intelligence. 1st ed. New York: Bantam Books; 1998.

Parker JDA, Creque S, Ronald E. Academic achievement in high school: does emotional intelligence matter. Personality Individual Differences. 2004;37:1321–30.

Parker JDA, Summerfeldt LJ, Hogan MJ, Majeski SA. Emotional intelligence and academic success: examining the transition from high school to university. Personality Individual Differences. 2004;36:163–72.

Schutte NS, Malouff JM, Bobik C, Coston TD, Greeson C, Jedlicka C, et al. Emotional intelligence and interpersonal relations. Wendorf G J Soc Psychol. 2001;141(4):523-36.

Hunt N, Evans D. Predicting traumatic stress using emotional intelligence. Behav Res Ther. 2004;42(7):791-8.

Petrides KV, Frederickson N, Furnham A. The role of trait emotional intelligence in academic performance and deviant behavior at school. Personality Individual Differences. 2004;36:277–293.

Brackett MA, Mayer JD, Warner RM. Emotional intelligence and its relation to everyday behaviour. Personality Individual Differences. 2004;36(6):1387–402.

Use of "emotional intelligence" as one measure of medical school applicants' non-cognitive characteristics. Elam CL Acad Med. 2000;75(5):1.

Wagner PJ, Moseley GC, Grant MM, Gore JR, Owens C. Physicians' emotional intelligence and patient satisfaction. Family Medicine. 2002;34(10):750-4.

Emotional Quotient questionnaire. Available at: www.hraddedvalue.com. Accessed on 27th September 2016.

Joshi SV, Srivastava K, Raychaudhuri A. A Descriptive Study of Emotional Intelligence and Academic Performance of MBBS Students. Procedia - Social Behavioral Sci. 2012;69:2061–7.

Imran N, Awais Aftab M, Haider II, Farhat A. Educating tomorrow’s doctors: A cross sectional survey of emotional intelligence and empathy in medical students of Lahore. Pakistan J Med Sci. 2013;29(3):710-4.

Dixit S, Rohit BK, Yesikar V, Shivram G. A comparative study to find out emotional quotient in students of MGM Medical College, Indore MP, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014;3(5):585-8.

Satterfield JM, Hughes E. Emotion skills training for medical students: a systematic review. Med Educ. 2007;41(10):935.

Wagner P, Jester D, Moseley G. Use of the Emotional Quotient Inventory in medical education. Acad Med. 2001;76:506–7.

Feldman MD. Becoming an emotionally intelligent Physician. West J Med. 2001;175(2):1-2.