DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20192323

Role of mother’s knowledge and feeding practices in improvement of children from severe acute malnutrition

Prashant K. Jaiswal, Shubhra A. Gupta, Nirmal Verma

Abstract


Background: Under nutrition is significant health problem in India as well as in Chhattisgarh, recent NFHS 4 data shows that there is increase in number of children who are severely wasted from 5.6% in NFHS 3 to 8.4% in Chhattisgarh. Literature shows appropriate feeding practices and break in malnutrition infection cycle help malnourished child to recover, so present study was planned with the objective to find out the role of mother knowledge regarding feeding practices and management of minor ailments related to improvement of severe acute malnourished children discharged cured from nutritional rehabilitation centres in Chhattisgarh.

Methods: A community based study was planned among children discharged as cured from NRC between March to December 2017. They were followed in community to find out socio-demographic factor, feeding practice after discharge, mother knowledge score, household dietary diversity using 24 hour recall method & anthropometric measurements.

Results: Out of 156 children discharged as cured from March to December 2017, total 132 children were covered during the survey from January to June 2018. It was observed that improvement in nutritional status after discharge was significantly associated with increasing knowledge score for mother regarding nutrition and children who were separately feed after discharge from NRC.

Conclusions: Mother knowledge regarding nutrition and management of minor ailments and feeding practice to child after discharge are important factors associated with the improvement of children from SAM.


Keywords


Nutritional rehabilitation centers, Severe acute malnutrition, Household dietary diversity

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