DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20191821

A study on nomophobia and its correlation with sleeping difficulty and anxiety among medical students in a medical college, Telangana

Nagapraveen Veerapu, Ravi Kumar Baer Philip, Hanisha Vasireddy, Sowmya Gurrala, Swathi Tapaswi Kanna

Abstract


Background: Social media and digital communication have become a part of life. Many things were made easy through online connectivity. The mobile phones not only connects people at anytime, anywhere and with anybody, but also movable and portable. Mobile phones when used extensively may cause a number of physical and psychological problems. Nomophobia (NO-MObile phone-PHOBIA) is one of the psychological problems related to exclusive use of mobile phone. It is the fear/anxiety of being away from mobile phone contact. The objectives are to study grading of nomophobia and to find out any correlation exits between nomophobia and sleeping difficulty and anxiety among medical students.

Methods: A cross sectional study is conducted for duration of 6 months among medical students using semi-structured questionnaire. Nomophobia questionnaire (NMP-Q) is used to assess nomophobia, Athens insomnia scale is used to assess sleeping difficulty and general anxiety disorder- 7 Item scale is used to assess general anxiety.

Results: The study showed that out of 364 students, 62 (17%) have mild, 234 (64.3%) have moderate and 68 (18.7%) have severe nomophobia. There is a weak positive correlation between nomophobia and sleeping difficult and anxiety.

Conclusions: There problem of nomophobia is alarming; there is a need to reduce nomophobia, and to evolve effective strategies to enhance human interaction.


Keywords


Social media, Nomophobia, Psychological problems, Sleeping difficulty, General anxiety

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdel-Aziz AA, Abdel-Salam H, El-Sayad Z. The role of ICTs in creating the new social public place of the digital era. Alexandria Eng J. 2016;55(1):487–93.

Salehan M, Negahban A. Social networking on smartphones: When mobile phones become addictive. Computers in Human Behavior. 2013;29(6):2632-39.

Park WK. Mobile phone addiction, computer science, mobile communications, computer supported cooperative work. 2005;31(3):253-72.

Haruka T, Nishida T, Tsuji A and Sakakibara H. Association between Excessive Use of Mobile Phone and Insomnia and Depression among Japanese Adolescents. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017;14(7):1-11.

Munezawa T, Kaneita Y, Osaki Y, Kanda H, Minowa M, Suzuki, K, Higuchi S et al. The association between use of mobile phones after lights out and sleep disturbances among Japanese adolescents: A nationwide cross-sectional survey. Sleep. 2011;34(8):1013–20.

Norbaidurah I, Shazli Ezzat G, Norrafizah J. Relationship between Smartphone Addiction with Anxiety and Depression among Undergraduate Students in Malaysia. International Journal of Health Sciences & Research. 2018;8(1):163-71.

Yildirim C, Correia AP. Exploring the dimensions of nomophobia: development and validation of a self-reported questionnaire. Comput Human Behav. 2015;49:130–37.

Soldatos CR, Dikeos DG, Paparrigopoulos TJ. Athens Insomnia Scale: validation of an instrument based on ICD-10 criteria. J Psychosom Res. 2000;48(6):555-60.

Spitzer RL, Kroenke K, Williams JBW, Lowe B. A brief measure for assessing generalized anxiety disorder. Arch Inern Med. 2006;166:1092-97.

Soumitra S, Veena M, Satish M, Angelin P, Mahesh G, Amreen K. A study to assess the degree of nomophobia among the undergraduate students of a medical college in Bhopal. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2018;5(6):2442-5.

Aparna K S, Bhavani U, Maragatham R S. Nomophobia – An Insight into Its Psychological Aspects in India. Int J Indian Psychol. 2017;4(2):5-15.

Burhanettin O, Ozlem C, Irshad H. Prevalence of Nomophobia among University Students: A Comparative Study of Pakistani and Turkish Undergraduate Students. EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed. 2018;14(4):1519-32.

Tavolacci MP, Meyrignac G, Richard L, P Dechelotte P, Ladner J. Problematic use of mobile phone and nomophobia among French college students. Eur J Public Health. 2015;25(3):206.