DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20190624

Nutritional status assessment among medical students in Gujarat

Gaurav J. Desai, Pranay A. Jadav, Priya B. Savsani, Pramod B. Verma

Abstract


Background: India is facing nutrition transition. Period of college life is the phase was healthy and unhealthy diet habits takes place. The present study was aimed to study nutritional status among students of a medical college.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among the 254 students of a medical college attached with the civil hospital Gandhinagar over a period of six months. Pre-tested, semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic information. Anthropometric examination like height, weight, BMI, waist-hip ratio was done according to WHO criteria. Data were analysed with Epi info 7.

Results: Among 254 study participants, 159 (62.60%) were female and 99 (33.40%) were males. Obesity according to waist-hip ratio is significantly higher in females as compared to males Physical activities are significantly higher in females as compared to males in present study (p<0.05). Family history of diabetes and hypertension were also significantly higher in females as compared to males.

Conclusions: Obesity according to Weight hip ratio was more in females as compared to male. Physical inactivity is also significantly higher in females. As per BMI undernutrition was also prevalent in the study participants.

 


Keywords


Nutritional assessment, BMI, Medical students

Full Text:

PDF

References


World Health Organization. World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life. World Health Organization.

Popkin BM. An overview on the nutrition transition and its health implications:the Bellagio meeting. Public Health Nutr 2002;5(1):93-103.

Jackson AA. Perinatal nutrition:the impact on postnatal growth and development. In:Gluckman PD, Heymann A, eds. Pediatrics and Pm.natology. London: Arnold; 1996: 298-303.

Rees JM, Christine MT. Nutritional influences on physical growth and behavior in adolescence. In:Adams G, ed. Biology of Adolescent Behaviour and Development. California: Sage Publications, 1989.

Monteiro CAD, D’ABenicio MH, Conde WL, Popkin BM. Shifting obesity trends in Brazil. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2000;54:342–6.

Popkin BM, Keyou G, Zhai F, Guo X, Ma H, Zohoori N. The nutrition transition in China:a cross sectional analysis. Eur J Clin Nutr 1993;47:333–46.

Martorell R, Khan LK, Grummer-Strawn LM. Obesity in women from developing countries. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2000;54:247–52.

Harmful effects of junk food. NDTV food. 2009. Available at: http://food.ndtv.com/lists/the-bad-the-worse-5-ways-junk-food-can-mess-with-your-brain-764392. Accessed on 21 January 2016.

Chhabra P, Grover VL, Aggarwal K, Kannan AT. Nutritional Status and Blood Pressureof Medical Students in Delhi. IJCM. 2006;31(4).

Sharma SK, Kaur J, Kaur J, Kaur J, Kaur K. A Descriptive study on dietary pattern and biophysical profile among nursing students. Nursing Midwifery Res J. 2009;5(2).

Khan B, Sukhsohale ND, Khamgaonkar MB. Nutritional Status and Dietary Pattern of Undergraduate Medical Students of Central India. Sch J App Med Sci. 2015;3(1):49-52.

Chhaya S, Jadav P. Dietary and lifestyle pattern in relation to overweight and obesity among the medical and nursing students. IJRRMS. 2012;2(3):1.

WHO. Physical status: the use and interpretation of anthropometry. Report of a WHO Expert Committee. WHO Technical Report Series 854. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1995.

Lakshmi Y, Devi BV. A Study of Body Mass Index among Medical Students in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital. IOSR-JDMS. 2015;14(3):14-7.

Agrawal S, Sinha V, Kachhawa P, Kumar A. Study of body mass index in fist year MBBS students in a medical college of Eastern UP. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017;6:262-5.

Deshpande K, Patel S, Bhujade R, Deepak P. Lifestyle and obesity among medical college students in Ujjain, India. Natl J Community Med. 2013;4(2):291–3.

Bertsias G, Mammas I, Linardakis M, Kafatos A. Overweight and obesity in relation to cardiovascular disease risk factors among medical students in Crete, Greece. BMC Public Health. 2003;3:3-9.

Thakkar HK, Misra SK, Gupta SC. Prevalence of obesity among college girls in Agra District of U.P. Indian J Community Health. 2010;22(1):61–4.

Kaur S, Walia I. Body mass index, waist circumference and waist hip ratio among nursing students. Nursing Midwifery Res J. 2007;3(2):84-90.

Yusuf S, Hawken S, Ounpuu S, Bautista L, Franzosi MJ and Commerford P. Obesity and the risk of myocardial infarction in 27000 participants trom 52 countries: a case-control study. Lancet. 2005;366:1640-49.

Welborn TA, Dhaliwal SS, Bennett SA. Waist-hip ratio is the dominant risk factor predicting cardiovascular death in Australia. Med J Australia. 2003;179:580-5.

Goldstein CM, Xie SS, Hawkins MAW. Reducing risk for cardiovascular disease: Negative health behaviors in college students. Emerg Adulthood. 2015;3:24-36.

Lau RR, Quadrel MJ, Hartman KA. Development and change of young adults’ preventive health beliefs and behavior:influence from parents and peers. J Health Soc Behav. 1990;31:240-59.

Peltzer K, Pengpid S. The Association of Dietary Behaviors and Physical Activity Levels with General and Central Obesity among ASEAN University Students. AIMS Public Health. 2017;4(3):301-13.

Peltzer K, Pengpid S, Samuels TA, Ozcan NK, Mantilla C, Wong ML. Prevalence of Overweight/Obesity and Its Associated Factors among University Students from 22 Countries. Int. J Environ Res Public Health. 2014;11:7425-41.

Arroyo P, Loria A, Fernandez V, Flegal KM, Kuri-Morales P, Olaiz G, et al. Prevalence of pre-obesity and obesity in urban adult Mexicans in comparison with other large surveys. Obes Res. 2000;8:179–85.