DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20190010

Knowledge regarding diabetes mellitus amongst arts, science and commerce college students of Latur city, Maharashtra

Bhaskar Gaikwad, Udaykiran Bhalge, Pramod Kulkarani, Anant Takalkar, Sunil Sagare, Mukund Bhise

Abstract


Background: Nearly 35 million people are suffering from diabetes in India. The present trend in diabetes is escalating diabetes prevalence and earlier onset of type 2 diabetes in the adult population. Awareness is an important factor in the early diagnosis, adequate treatment and prevention of complications due to diabetes. This study was undertaken to assess the knowledge regarding different aspects of diabetes mellitus among college students.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken with 348 college students of Latur City. The students were administered a 41 items, pre-tested, semi structured questionnaire assessing general and specific knowledge of diabetes like symptoms, causation, risk factors, complication, treatment, attitudes towards people with diabetes etc. The results were analyzed using Microsoft Excel software.

Results: Excessive tiredness, non healing wounds, excessive sweating and hunger were mentioned as symptoms of diabetes by 82.47, 73.85% and 72.70% subjects respectively. About (57.76%) study participants were aware of diabetes as a rising problem and only (8.33%) students had correct knowledge of the prevalence. Only (27.30%) were aware that genetic factors are reason for the causation of diabetes. As much as 85.91% subjects stated that blood and urine tests are done for diagnosing diabetic persons. Common complications not identified by the study subjects were impotence (68.39%), stroke (64.65%), ulcer on foot (54.31%), and repeated skin infections (53.16%).

Conclusions: Specific knowledge about diabetes is poor among the degree college students, hence appropriate activities to increase awareness about diabetes is the need of the hour.


Keywords


Awareness, Knowledge, Diabetes mellitus, Degree college students

Full Text:

PDF

References


Wild S, Roglic G, Green A, Sicree R, King H. Global prevalence of diabetes: Estimates for the year 2000 and projections for 2030. Diabetes Care 2004;27:1047–53.

Pradeepa R, Mohan V. The changing scenario of the diabetes epidemic: Implications for India. Indian J Med Res. 2002;116:121–32.

Ramachandran A, Snehalatha C, Baskar AD, Mary S, Kumar CK, Selvam S, et al. Temporal changes in prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance associated with lifestyle transition occurring in the rural population in India. Diabetologia. 2004;47:860-5.

World Health Organization (WHO). Prevalence of diabetes in the WHO South-East Asia Region. 2009: 2-10.

Vibah Sharma. The Tribune, Chandigarh, India. Need to Spread Public Awareness on Diabetes. 2004. Available at: http://www.tribuneindia. com/2004/20041114/edit.htm1. Accessed on 15 May 2017.

Raheja BS, Kapur A, Bhoraskar A, Sathe SR, Jorgensen LN, Moorthi SR, et al. Diab Care Asia-India Study: Diabetes care in India-Current status. J Assoc Physicians India. 2001;49:717–22.

Chiasson JL. Prevention of type 2 diabetes: fact or fiction? Expert Opinion Pharmacotherapy. 2007;8;3147-58.

Soyed SA, Das S, Begum T. Foot Involvement in diabetes mellitus. Asian J Diabetol. 2005;7(1):15-24.

Lau SL, Debarm R, Thomas N, Asha HS, Vasan KS, Alex RG, et al. Healthcare Planning in North-East India: A Survey on Diabetes Awareness, Risk Factors and Health Attitudes in a Rural Community. J Assoc Physicians India. 2009;57:305-9.

Wee HL, Ho HK, Li SC. Public Awareness of Diabetes Mellitus in Singapore. Singapore Med J. 2002;43:128-34.

Hashmi J, Giri PA, Shafee M. Study of risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus in the field practice area of rural health training centre of IIMSR Medical College, Badnapur, Jalna, Maharashtra. Indian J Forensic Community Med. 2017;4(1):36-40.

Mohan D, Raj D, Shanthirani CS, Datta M, Unwin NC, Kapur A, et al. Awareness and knowledge of diabetes in Chennai - The Chennai Urban rural Epidemiology study. J Assoc Physicians India. 2005;53:283-7.

Murugesan N, Snehalatha C, Shobhana R, Roglic G, Ramachandran A, et al. Awareness about diabetes and its complications in the general and diabetic population in a city in southern India. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2007;77:433-7.

Hughes GD, Puoane T, Bradley H. Ability to manage diabetes-community health workers knowledge, attitudes and beliefs. JEMDSA. 2006;11:10-4.

Poornima S, Ragavendra L, Shivakumar KM. Awareness regarding diabetes mellitus among degree college students of Mandya city, Karnataka, India. Indian J Prev Soc Med. 2012;43(3):284-7.