DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20190186

Assessment of health related quality of life of asthma patients in a tertiary care teaching hospital

Shrishailgouda S. Patil, Archana Oggu, Shravan Jayachandran, Neha Patil, H. Doddayya

Abstract


Background: The present study is planned to assess the health related quality of life (HRQoL) in asthma patients by using HRQoL questionnaire (SF-36 v2).

Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted for a period of 6 months (September 2017 to February 2018) in Navodaya Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Raichur on a total of 108 patients of either sex suffering from persistent asthma. The HRQoL of asthma patients was measured by face-to-face interview using HRQoL questionnaire (SF-36v2).

Results: Female patients were found to be more affected with asthma compared to male patients and the prevalence of asthma is found to be more in the middle aged and elderly patients compared to adults. The important triggering factors for the asthma were found to be exposure to dust, smoking, alcohol and cooking fuel. The mean physical component summary (PCS) scores is 47.46 (±15.56) and the mean mental component summary (MCS) scores is 66.73 (±13.59). The findings of our study reveals that the physical HRQoL is more affected compared to mental HRQoL as revealed by PCS and MCS scores.

Conclusions: The findings of our study conclusively suggest that the physical HRQoL is more affected than mental HRQoL in asthma patients and also the need to improve the quality of life in these patients by appropriate patient education regarding the triggering factors of asthma, preventive measures and the medication adherence.


Keywords


Asthma, Health related quality of life, SF-36 v2, Physical component score, Mental component score

Full Text:

PDF

References


World Health Organization. Chronic respiratory diseases (Asthma). Available at: http://www.who.int/ respiratory/asthma/en. Accessed on 10 March 2018.

Kia NS, Malek F, Ghods E, Fathi M. Health-related quality of life of patients with asthma- a cross-sectional study in Semnan, Islamic Republic of Iran. EMHJ. 2017;7(23):500-6.

Reddel HK, Taylor DR, Bateman ED, Boulet LP, Boushey HA, Busse WW, et al. An official American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society statement: asthma control and exacerbations: standardizing endpoints for clinical asthma trials and clinical practice. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2009;180(1):59–99.

Australian institute of health and welfare. Available at: http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/? id=6442467349. Accessed 20 December 2017.

Ried LD, Nau DP, Grainger-Rousseau TJ. Evaluation of patient’s health-related quality of life using a modified and shortened version of the living with asthma questionnaire (ms-LWAQ) and the medical outcomes study, short-form 36 (SF-36). Qual Life Res. 1999;8(6):491–9.

Gibbs KP, Cripps D. Asthma. In: A Textbook of clinical pharmacy and therapeutics. Walker R, Whittlesea C. Fifth Ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 2012: 412.

Kelly WH and Sorkness AC. Asthma. In: Pharmacotherapy A Pathophysiologic approach. Dipiro JT, Talbert RL, Yee GC, Matzke GR, Wells BG, Posey LM, eds. Ninth Ed. New York: Mc Grow Hill Medical; 2014: 878-893.

Busse WW, Lemanske RF Jr. Asthma. N Engl J Med. 2001;344:350–62.

Blanc PD, Eisner MD, Isreal L. The association between occupation and asthma I general medicine practice. CHEST J. 1999;115(5):1259-64.

Vally H, Klerk N, Thompson PJ. Alcoholic drinks important triggers for asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2000;105:462-7.

Thomson NC, Chaudhuri R, Livingston E. Asthma and cigarette smoking. Eur Respir J. 2004;24:822–33.

Ng TP, Seet CSR, Tan WC, Foo SC. Nitrogen dioxide exposure from domestic gas cooking and airway response in asthmatic women. Thorax. 2001;56:596–601.

Asthma and sleep. Available at: https://sleepfoundation.org/sleep-disorders-problems/asthma-and-sleep. Accessed on 22 March 2018.

Lewis, David A, Medsurg. Sleep in patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2001;7:105-12.

Siroux V, Boudier A, Anto JM, Pin I, Marcon A, Alonso J, et al. Quality of life and asthma severity in general population asthmatics: results of the ECRHS II study. Allergy. 2008;63:547-54.