DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20185249

Risk factor profile for non-communicable diseases: findings of a STEPS survey from urban settlement of Bangalore

Abdussattar ., Malik Itrat

Abstract


Background: Increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) across the globe is largely due to the rise in prevalence of various risk factors. These risk factors are measurable and largely modifiable. Quantifying the present levels of risk factors exposure in a community is helpful in predicting the future risk and driving the public health policy for prevention and control of NCDs. Keeping this in mind, present study was planned to estimate the prevalence of NCDs risk factors in an urban settlement of Bangalore.

Methods: A community based cross-sectional survey was done with 600 individuals aged 15-64 years in Hegganahalli locality of Bangalore city from April to October 2017. Systematic random sampling technique was applied to obtain the desired sample size. Information on NCD risk factors was collected by using STEPS questionnaire.

Results: Tobacco and alcohol consumption was observed in 27.2% and 11.8% of respondents respectively. Low level of physical activity was recorded among 14.8% and inadequate consumption of fruit and vegetable was observed among all the respondents. Prevalence of general and central obesity in the study population was found to be 30.7% and 12.8% respectively. Hypertension was prevalent among 35.5% respondents.

Conclusions: High prevalence of NCD risk factors was observed among the study population that needs to be addressed through a comprehensive approach with due emphasis on preventive care in order to make ‘healthy living’ a social norm.


Keywords


Non-communicable diseases, Risk factors, Prevalence, Bangalore

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