A cross-sectional study on menstrual hygiene practices among school going adolescent girls (10-19 years) of Government Girls Inter College, Saifai, Etawah

Nandini Gupta, Peeyush Kariwala, Anand M. Dixit, Parag Govil, Mahima ., Pankaj K. Jain


Background: Menstrual hygiene is a key concern of adolescent health. Females spend around six to seven years of their lives menstruating. Still the menstrual hygiene management (MHM) is mostly neglected. Menstrual hygiene is a taboo; even females are uncomfortable discussing and educating their daughters about this topic. To understand the problem faced by females during menstruation specially in their adolescent age this study was conducted. This study was done to find out knowledge about menstrual hygiene, to study hygiene related practices among school going adolescent girls of Government Girls Inter College (GGIC), Saifai, Etawah.

Methods: School based cross-sectional study was undertaken among the adolescent school going girls of GGIC, who were purposively selected. All girls of between the age group of 10 19 years who have attained menarche were selected and the sample size came out to be 212.

Results: The mean age of attainment of menarche was 13.17 years with majority of girls having no idea about menstruation before menarche (76.4%). 48.6% girls used only sanitary pads as the absorbent material. It was concluded that there is significant association between the absorbent material used and the socio-economic status of the family (p=0.03173).

Conclusions: There is a need of accurate and adequate information about menstruation and its effective management. The restrictions which are imposed on girls during menstruation should be understood and dealt in a proper way. Thus this study was conducted. 


Adolescence, Menstruation, Hygiene

Full Text:



World Health Organisation. Available at: Accessed on 24th August, 2016.

Medovy H, Man W. General Practices- Problems of adolescence. Canad Med Ass J. 1964;90(24):1354-60.

Menstrual hygiene in South Asia A neglected issue for WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) programmes, Thérèse Mahon and Maria Fernandes. Gender & Development 2010, copyright Oxfam GB; Gender & Development. Available at: 919513531. Accessed on 28th August 2016.

Thakre SB, Thakre SS, Reddy M, Rathi N, Pathak K, Ughade S. Menstrual Hygiene: Knowledge and Practice among Adolescent School Girls of Saoner, Nagpur District. J Clin Diagnos Res. 2011;5(5):1027-33.

Madhusudan M, Chaluvaraj TS, Chaitra MM, Ankitha S, Pavithra MS, MahadevaUrthy TS. Menstrual Hygiene: Knowledge and Practices among Secondary School girls of Hosakote, Rural Banglore. Int J Basic Applied Med Sci. 2014;4(2):313-20.

Parmeaswari PJ, Udayshankar PM, Cynthia S, Vidhyashree MD, Abeselvi A, Syed Iqbal Sultan. School Survey to Assess Menstrual Hygiene Practices Among Teenage Girls in Chennai, India. Middle-East J Sci Res. 2014;21(9):1448-53.

Chauhan S, Kariwal P, Kumari, Vyas S. A study to evaluate abnormal menstrual patterns among adolescent girls in Bareilly. Int J Med Res Health Sci. 2015;4(3):601-7.

Israr H. IRSP Pakistan, Menstrual Hygiene promotion need in Mardan. Available at: www. Accessed on 24th April 2018.

Seenivasan P, Caroline Priya K, Arthi E, Gaviya G, Kanchana Devi B, Karunya C. A cross sectional study on awareness about menstrual hygiene among rural women. Stanley Med J. 2015;2(2):17-21.

Baseline survey report on School Girls’ Menstrual Hygiene Management issues, 2014.

Singh SP, Singh M, Arora M and Sen P. Knowledge assessment regarding puberty and menstruation among school going adolescent girls of district Varanasi, UP. Indian J Prev Soc Med. 2006;37:9-14.

Eijk AMV, Sivakami M, Thakkar MB, Bauman A, Laserson KF, Coates S, et al. Menstrual hygiene management among adolescent girls in India: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open. 2016;6:e010290.