An epidemiological study of type-2 diabetes mellitus in an adopted urban slum area

Vishwanath G. R., Tejaswini V. Sangrulkar, Shrarma S. K., Praveen Patil


Background: Diabetes is one of the most common non-communicable diseases globally and there is evidence that it is a epidemic in many developing and developed countries, thus posing a serious threat to be met within the 21st century. Diabetes mellitus, a chronic disease once thought to be uncommon in the developing countries, has emerged as one of the public health problem. Therefore, establishing the predominant risk factors and the distribution of these in a given population are of high importance for designing and implementing targeted interventions to halt and reverse the future prospects. Since the factors responsible for diabetes had not so far received much attention, it is aimed to show epidemiological profile of the disease in general and keeping this in mind this study has taken.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out upon adults aged more than 30 years in the adopted community of Urban Health centre of Community Medicine Department, Government Medical College, Miraj (1st January-31st December, 2015).

Results: The overall prevalence of diabetes was 21.7%, out of this (12.3%) were known diabetic and (9.4%) were new diabetic cases among study. A very highly significant association was observed between diabetes and Habits. The association between diabetes and BMI was very highly significant (p<0.001).

Conclusions: Very highly significant association was found between age, family history, personal history, body mass index, waist circumference, waist: hip circumference and diabetic status. 


Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Survey, Risk factors role, Indian diabetes risk score

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