A study of non-communicable diseases risk factors among the tribal population of Lefunga block, Tripura: cross sectional study

Aman Kumar, Rupali Choudhury, Sushma Yadav


Background: The burden of non-communicable diseases such as diabetes and coronary heart disease is increasing both globally and in India. The present study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of risk factors associated with non-communicable disease and to study the association of the risk factors with non-communicable disease among tribal population of Lefunga Block of Tripura.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Lefunga block during April to June 2017 among 150 Indigenous tribal population of Tripura. Multistage random sampling was used. A predesigned, pretested, semi-structured modified WHO STEPs questionnaire was used. Chi square and Multiple Logistic Regression was done to see association.

Results: Mean age was 39.03±12.76 years. Majority (66.7%) were females and (44.7%) had studied up to secondary. (26%) were tobacco smokers and (68%) were tobacco chewing. (36%) were alcoholic. (89.3%) had exercising for <2.5 hrs. 68% were taking vegetables >10 times/ week and 88.7% were taking fruits <5 times/week. (26%) were overweight, (45.3%) had abdominal obesity and 31% were hypertensive. 93.3% were aware of the harmful effects of tobacco consumption. Multiple logistic regression analysis showing factors associated with male were more likely to had higher abdominal obesity and alcohol user >50 yrs, government employee. With smoking, male having more chances of smoking and Age group of 20-30 yrs and 31-40 yrs.

Conclusions: The mean age was 39.03±12.76 years. (26%) were overweight, (45.3%) had abdominal obesity and (31%) were hypertensive. NCD clinic, IEC should be increased. 


NCD, Tribal, Lifestyle risk factors, WHO STEPS questionnaire

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