Assessment of diabetic risk among non-diabetic workers of a tertiary care hospital

Aravind K. Kumar, Umesh R. Dixit


Background: Diabetes is a metabolic disease characterised by high blood sugar levels and is one of the major causes of premature illness and death worldwide. There is an inflation in number of people with diabetes from 108 million in 1980 to 422 million in 2014. WHO has projected that DM is going to be 7th leading cause of death in 2030. 80% of diabetics live in low and middle income countries thereby increasing burden on their economy. Among the working population due to stress and lifestyle problems the toll is climbing in terms of morbidity, mortality and costs of society.

Methods: Cross sectional study was conducted in SDM College of Medical Sciences and Hospital. Sample size was 200 with class 1 and class 2 workers 100 each. Data was collected using pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire after taking informed consent (IDRS). Data entered in Epidata v3.1 and analyzed using IBM SPSS v20.

Results: Of the 200, majority 71% belonged to 36-49 years age group. Majority 67% were males and 73% had normal BMI. A high IDRS profile was found among 18.5% of study participants. Majority 68% had moderate risk profile in relation to IDRS.

Conclusions: High risk score was found in 18.5% of study subjects and moderate risk score in 68% of study subjects who were non diabetic. This is the scenario among the class I and class II staff in health care industry. Intervention needed to prevent development of diabetes among the nondiabetic working population.


IDRS, Diabetes mellitus, Working population

Full Text:



Nandeshwar S, Jamra V, Pal DK. Indian Diabetes Risk Score for screening of undiagnosed diabetic subjects of Bhopal city. Natl J Community Med. 2010;1(2):176-7.

Ramaiah R, Jayarama S. Assessment of risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus among rural population in Karnataka by using Indian diabetes risk score. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4(4):1056.

Available at: Accessed on 02 April, 2016.

Park K. Text book of preventive and social medicine. 22nd ed. Jabalpur: Banarsidas Bhanot publishers India; 2015: 3646.

Ahuja MM, Sivaji L, Garg VK, Mitroo P. Prevalence of diabetes in northern India (Delhi area) Horn Metab Res. 1974;4:321.

Gupta OP, Joshi MH, Dave SK. Prevalence of diabetes in India. Adv Metab Disord. 1978;9:147–65

World Health Organization; 2016. World Health Day: WHO Calls for Global Action to Halt Rise in and Improve Care for People with Diabetes. Available at: news/releases/2016/world-health-day/en/. Accessed on 02 April, 2016.

IDF Diabetes Atlas. 6th ed. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federation; 2013. International Diabetes Federation.

WHO/World Health Statistics. 2012. Available at: htttp:// Accessed on 13 June, 2011.

Mohan V, Deepa R, Deepa M, Somannavar S, Datta M. A simplified Indian Diabetes Risk Score for screening for undiagnosed diabetic subjects. J Assoc Physicians India. 2005;53:759–63.

Ranadip C, Abhijit M, Saibendu KL. A study on distribution and determinants of Indian Diabetic Risk Score (idrs) among rural population of West Bengal. Natl J Med Res. 2012;2(3):282-6.

Vidya GS, Sandesh TR, Kaur N. A Study on Assessment of Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among Bank Employees Using Indian Diabetic Risk Score. Natl J Community Med. 2016;7(12):936-9.

Brinda P, Santosh A. A study to determine the hidden part of the iceberg of diabetes using Indian diabetes risk score as a screening tool in rural population of Bangalore, Karnataka, India. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2016;3(11):3076-80.