Hand hygiene practices among school children of a periurban area Firozabad district

Rajiv Srivastava, Amarveer Singh Mehta


Background: Hand hygiene is a milestone of infectious disease control, and promotion of improved hand hygiene has been recognized as an important public health measure. The present study was undertaken to assess the hand hygiene practices among the school students of a peri urban area in district Firozabad.

Methods: This six months cross sectional study was carried out among the students of an Intermediate college situated in a peri urban area of Firozabad district, U. P. All the students who were present in the respective classes (Vth–VIIth standard) were surveyed. A structured, self-administered pretested questionnaire was used to collect detailed information about the subjects‟ self-reported hand washing practices. Data entry and statistical analysis were performed using the Microsoft Excel and SPSS windows version 14.0 software.

Results: Out of total 76 students, 97.4% practiced hand washing after defecation with Soap and water, while 63.2% did hand washing after cleaning with soap and water and 31.6% washed hands before eating food with Soap and water. A higher proportion of males showed proper hand hygiene practices than females. Proper Hand hygiene practices increased with the increase in education.

Conclusions: Teaching the correct hand hygiene practice at an early age with help students to be healthy in later life. Thus primordial prevention is the key to reduce infection in school children. 


Hand hygiene practices, Students

Full Text:



Burton M, Cobb E, Donachie P, Judah G, Curtis V, Schmidt WP. The effect of handwashing with water or soap on bacterial contamination of hands. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2011;8:97–104.

Tao SY, Cheng YL, Lu Y, Hu YH, Chen DF. Handwashing behaviour among Chinese adults: a cross-sectional study in five provinces. Public Health. 2013;127:620–628.

Luby SP, Agboatwalla M, Feikin DR, Painter J, Billhimer W, Altaf A, et al. Effect of handwashing on child health: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2005;366:225–33.

Peterson AE, Roberts L, Toole MJ, Peterson DE. The effect of soap distribution on diarrhoea: Nyamithuthu Refugee Camp. Int J Epidemiol. 1998;27:520–4.

Sultana M, Mahumud RA, Sarker AR, Hossain SM. Hand hygiene knowledge and practice among university students: evidence from Private Universities of Bangladesh. Risk Management Healthcare Policy. 2016;9:13-20.

Besha B, Guche H, Chare D, Amare A, Kassahun A, Kebede E, et al. Assessment of Hand Washing Practice and it’s Associated Factors among First Cycle Primary School Children in Arba Minch Town, Ethiopia, 2015. Epidemiology (Sunnyvale). 2016;6:247.

Liu P. How effective are antibacterial soaps and hand sanitizers against the viruses that cause ‘‘stomach flu’’? Paper presented at: 106th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiol. 2006; Orlando, FL.

Curtis V, Scott B, Cardosi J. The Handwashing Handbook. Washington, DC: The World Bank; 2005.

Aiello AE, Larson EL, Levy SB. Consumer antibacterial soaps: effective or just risky? Clin Infect Dis. 2007;45:S137–47.

Anuradha P, Yasoda Devi P, Prakash MS. Effect of handwashing agents on bacterial contamination. Indian J Pediatr. 1999;66:7–10.

Setyautami T, Sermsri S and Chompikul J. Proper hand washing practices among elementary school students in Selat Sub-district, Indonesia J Pub. Health Dev. 2012;10(2):3-20

Mahmood SE, Verma R, Khan MB. Hand hygiene practices among nursing students: importance of improving current training programs. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2015;2:466-71.