Prevalence and pattern of tobacco use among auto rickshaw drivers of South Delhi: a cross-sectional study

Priya Arora, Gurmeet Kaur, Anita Khokar, A. K. Jindal


Background: Tobacco is one of the major preventable causes of death and disability worldwide. Tobacco related diseases are a burgeoning public health problem. The pattern of tobacco consumption in India is unique as varied smoked and smokeless products are consumed.

Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional study.

Results: 69% of the auto-rickshaw drivers are currently using tobacco in one form or the other. Use of multiple tobacco products is also quite high; 54% of tobacco users consumed both smoked as well as smokeless forms of tobacco. Bidi smoking is the most common form of tobacco consumption among current users.

Conclusions: Tobacco consumption among auto rickshaw drivers is high. The use of multiple products puts them at risk for problems related to both smoked and smokeless tobacco products. Support/services to quit tobacco should be targeted at their workplace as stress and free time during working hours have been cited as main reasons for tobacco consumption.


Tobacco use, Prevalence, Auto rickshaw drivers

Full Text:



WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, 2008: The MPOWER package. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2008. © World Health Organization 2008.

Mishra GA, Pimple SA, Shastri SS. An overview of the tobacco problem in India. Indian J Med Paediatric Oncol. 2012;33(3):139-45.

Available at: files/GATS-2 FactSheet.pdf GATS Fact sheet india 2016-17. Accessed on 3 March 2018.

Girish HO, Senan P, Koppad R, Venugopalan PP. Risk factors of cardiovascular diseases among auto-rickshaw drivers of Kannur, North Kerala: a cross-sectional study. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2016;3:3395-8.

Gupta V, Yadav K, Anand K. Pattern of tobacco use across Rural, Urban and Urban slum populations In a North Indian community. Indian J Community Med. 2010;35(2):245–51.

Bhatia M, Mishra M, Agrawal AK. Prevalence and pattern of tobacco addiction among auto-rickshaw drivers of North-Central India. Asian Pac J Health Sci. 2014;1(4):312-8.

Rewar S, Poonia N, Singh NS. A Cross-Sectional Study on Tobacco Consumption Pattern among Auto Rickshaw Drivers in Jaipur City, Rajasthan. IOSR-JHSS. 2013;14(3):88-91.

Ozoh OB, Akanbi M, Amadi CE, Vollmer W, Bruce N. The prevalence of and factors associated with tobacco smoking behavior among long-distance drivers in Lagos, Nigeria. Afr Health Sci. 2017;17(3):886–95.

Shoba John History and Culture of Bidis in India. Production, Employment, Marketing and Regulations. Bidi Smoking and Public Health, March, 2008 Published by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Nirman Bhawan, Maulana Azad Road, New Delhi 110011, India.

Mahadik VJ, Waingankar P, Anjenaya S, Sanjeev S, Mal K. Cross-sectional Study of Health Status of Auto Rickshaw Drivers in Vashi, Navi Mumbai, India. MGM J Med Sci. 2017;4(4):164-70.

Satheesh BK. Health Risk of Auto Rickshaw Drivers around Silencer of Heavy Vehicles. IOSR J Environ Sci Toxicol Food Technol. 2016;10(1):9-14.

Pednekar MS, Gupta PC, Yeole BB, Hébert JR. Association of tobacco habits, including bidi smoking, with overall and site-specific cancer incidence: results from the Mumbai cohort study. Cancer Causes Control. 2011;22(6):859–68.

Goon S, Bipasha MS. Prevalence and Pattern of smoking among bus Drivers of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Tobacco Use Insights. 2014:721–5.