A community based study on e-waste disposal in Srinagar, Uttarakhand: assessment of awareness and practices

Bhola Nath, Ranjeeta Kumari, Valendu Gupta, N. D. Vaswani, Seema Lekhwani


Background: ‘E-waste’ is waste electrical and electronic equipment (EE) which are intended to be discarded. Improper disposal leads to hazardous effects on health and environment. Awareness about e-waste is important for all those using EE.

Methods: It was a community based cross sectional study among consumers of EE and scrap dealers in Srinagar city, of Pauri district in Garhwal division of Uttarakhand. Information was collected on knowledge about e-waste, its types and disposal practices.

Results: Only 6.7% respondents heard the term E-waste. 77% of the respondents didn’t know about the ways of disposing the e-waste and 45.7% were totally unaware of hazardous effects of improper disposal. Knowledge among scrap dealers was altogether absent.

Conclusions: Awareness on various aspects of E-waste was found to be poor among respondents and totally absent among scrap dealers.


Electronic equipment, E-waste, Awareness, E-waste disposal

Full Text:



Ministry of Environment and Forests. (2010) E-Waste (Management and Handling) Rules 2010. Available at: New Delhi, India: Ministry of Environment and Forests. Accessed on 12 January 2012.

UNEP Press Release, 'Basel Conference addresses Electronic Wastes Challenge'. Available at: Accessed on 27 November 2006.

E waste can produce more gold than mining. Times of India, Dehradun, 2016.

Suryakantha AH. Electronic Waste Management, Chapter 14. Text Book of Community Medicine with recent advances. New Delhi: Jaypee Publisher; 2017.

Wath SB, Vaidya AN, Dutt PS, Chakrabarti T. E-waste scenario in India, its management and implications. Environ Monitoring Assessment. 2010;172;249–62.

Electronic waste from homes turning city into toxic dump of India, Mumbai, 8th January 2015.

Scrapping the hi-tech myth: Computer waste in India. Published in Toxics Link, 2003. Available at: Accessed on 3 August 2017.

Sinha S. ‘Downside of the Digital Revolution', Toxics Link, 2007. Available at: http://www. Accessed on 3 August 2017.

Lwanga SK, Lemeshaw S. Sample size determination in health studies: A practical manual. Geneva, WHO; 1991.

E-waste in India. Research unit (Larrdis) Rajya Sabha secretariat New Delhi June, 2011. Available at: E-Waste_in_india.pdf. Accessed on 13 November 2017.

Bischoff J. A report on “e-Waste assessment in India: Specific Focus on Delhi” A Quantitative Understanding of Disposal Recycling of Electronic Waste. 2007: 1-66

Saritha V, Kumar S, Srikanth V.N. Consumer attitudes and perceptions on electronic waste: An assessment. Pollution. 2015,1(1):31-43,

Bhat V, Patil Y. E-waste consciousness and disposal practices among residents of Pune city. Procedia –Social Behavioral Sci. 2014;133:491-8.

Okoye A, Odoh C. Assessment of the Level of Awareness of E-Waste Management and Concern for the Environmen amongst the Populace in Onitsha, Southeastern Nigeria. J Environ Protection. 2014;5:120-34.