A study on knowledge attitudes and practices on mal aria among tribal communities of East Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh

K. Sowmyasudha, G. Krishnababu, P. Sujatha, K. Satyanarayana


Background: Malaria is one of the world’s important parasitic diseases ever known to mankind. The global toll of malaria in 2010 there were an estimated 216 million cases of malaria worldwide. India is predominantly characterized by unstable malaria transmission. In Andhra Pradesh among five endemic districts East Godavari is one. We made an attempt to report knowledge and practices on malaria regarding its causation, transmission, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Methods: Using a systematic random method a total of 1136 participants were interviewed in four tribal P.H.C areas of East Godavari district. P.H.C‘s was identified by using a multistage random method. A semi-structured questionnaire which consists questions on malaria causation, transmission, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention were used as a tool to interview them. Data were entered into excel sheets and analysed by giving scorings and its categorization as good, average and poor.

Results: Knowledge among study participants on Cause, diagnosis and treatment of malaria 41.67%, man mosquito contact among study participants- 22.53%. Attitude among study participants regarding cause, diagnosis and treatment of malaria 56.22%, mosquito breeding places 45.77%, prevention of man mosquito contact 46.71%. Practices among study participants on preventive practices on cause, diagnosis and treatment 49.56%, prevention of mosquito breeding places and man mosquito contact- 42.54%.

Conclusions: In our study we found more knowledge regarding cause, diagnosis and treatment of malaria. Attitudes for prevention of mosquito breeding places are quite high. Less than half of the preventive practices were reported.


Malaria, Mosquitoes, Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices, DDT, IRS, LLINs, ITNs

Full Text:



History and origin of malaria in India. Internet article.

W.H.O publication World malaria report, 2011.

Government of India 2010.annual report; 2009-2010- Ministry of Health and Family Welfare New Delhi.

District NVBDCP report on malaria East Godavari district.

Andhra Pradesh state report on communicable disease 2008.

National health policy 2002. Ministry of health and family welfare.

Sharma SK, Jalles S, Kumar K. Rahman S.J. Knowledge, Attitude and Beliefs about malaria in a tribal area of Baster district (M.P): Indian J Public Health. 1993;37(4)-129-32.

Andargie A, Abraham D, Berhanu E. Community knowledge attitude and practice about malaria in a low endemic setting of Shewa robit town: north eastern Ethiopia. BMC Public Health. 2013;13:312.

Chansamone T, Tepanata P, Naowarat K. Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and practice regarding malaria prevention towards population in Paksong district: Champasack province; LAO PDR.

Adedotun AA, Morenikeji OA, Odaibo AB. Knowledge, Attitudes and practices about malaria in an urban community south west Nigeria. J Vector Borne Dis. 2010;47(3):155-9.