A cross sectional study of knowledge, attitude and practice on cardiovascular disease and its risk factors among anganwadi workers of Cuddalore district

Gopal Muthukrishnan, Christa Kingston, Arunmozhi Ravikumar


Background: India is facing the dual burden of communicable and non communicable diseases. The field level workers like anganwadi workers (AWW) have important role in creating awareness among people in fighting non communicable diseases. This study was an attempt to assess the prevalence of knowledge, attitude and practice of cardiovascular diseases among anganwadi workers and also to estimate the prevalence of obesity and hypertension among these workers.

Methods: A total of 188 participants from 2 blocks of Cuddalore district were selected using multistagesampling technique. Each participant was given a pretested questionnaire to elicit their response and their height and weight was also measured. The Likert 3 scale was used to score their response. The statistical tool of Pearson correlation and Chi square was applied.

Results: The mean (SD) age of the participants was 42.22 (10.56) years. The mean (SD) knowledge, attitude and practice score of study participants were 31.34 (5.6), 21.88 (1.97) and 8.03 (2.59) respectively. The prevalence of obesity in study sample was 43.1% and hypertension was 27.66%. There was a significant association of increasing age and obesity with hypertension (p<0.05). The study findings showed that there was a significant relationship between knowledge and attitude, attitude and practice (p<0.05) but knowledge and practice association was not statistically significant.

Conclusions: Although knowledge and attitude of anganwadi workers of cardiovascular disease and its risk factors was adequate, the practice was found to be poor. The prevalence of obesity and hypertension was high.


Cardiovascular disease, Anganwadi workers, Obesity, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice

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