Reproductive tract infection and health seeking behaviour: a cross sectional community based study

Kanchan B. Gawande, Abhay S. Srivastava, Purushottam Kumar


Background: Women in India have multitude of health problem, which ultimately affect the economic output. The health of Indian women is intrinsically linked to their status in society. There is significant gap in understanding the reproductive tract infections as well as consequence for women lives. The objective of the study was to study the prevalence of reproductive tract infections and sociodemographic factors responsible among ever married women.

Methods: Community based cross sectional study was carried out in the rural area near Mumbai city. List of villages in the study area was obtained from primary health centre (PHC). The prevalence of reproductive tract infections among ever married women was 20.7%. At 95% confidence level and 5% allowable error sample size is 262 (n=4*p*q/l2). So the sample size required to document RTI was 265 ever married women.

Results: Prevalence of reproductive tract infections was 143(53.96%). Most common morbidity found was vaginal discharge 59 (22.26%). There was a significant difference between the proportions of study subjects with reproductive tract infection with respect to their educational status & occupation.

Conclusions: There was high prevalence of reproductive tract infection among study subjects with only 13.74% visited a qualified medical practitioner for their complaints.



Reproductive tract infections, Vaginal discharge, Ever married women

Full Text:



Gosalia VV, Verma PB, Doshi VG, Singh M, Rathod SK, Parmar MT. Gynecological Morbidities in Women of Reproductive Age Group in Urban Slums of Bhavnagar City. Natl J Communoity Med. 2012;3(4):657-60

Inamdar IF, Sahu PC, Doibale MK. Gynaecological morbidities among ever married women: A community based study in Nanded city, India. IOSR J Dental Med Sci (IOSR-JDMS). 2013;7:5-11.

Gaash B, Kausar R, Bhan R, Bashir S. Reproductive tbacxinfections in kargil: a community based study. Health and Population – Perspectives. 2005;28:1-8.

Thekdi KP, Patel KG, Patel NK, Thekdi PI. A cross sectional study on the prevalence of reproductive tract infections amongst married women in the rural area of Surendranagar district. Int J Res Med Sci. 2014;2(1):215-21.

Aggarwal AK, Kumar R, Gupta V. Community based study of reprodcutive tract infections among ever married women of reproductive age in a rural area of Haryana, India. J Community Dis. 1999;8:138-223.

Garcia PJ, Chavez S, Feringa B, Chiappe M, Weili Li, Jansen KU, et al. Reproductive tract infections in rural women from the highlands, jungle, and coastal region of Peru. Bull World Health Organization. 2004;82(7):483-92.

Nandan D, Misra SK, Sharma A, Jain M. Estimation of prevalence of RTIs/STDs among women of reproductive age group in Distt. Agra. J Med. 2002;37: 100-13.

Dawn A, Biswas R. Reproductive tract infection: an experience in rural West Bengal. Indian Journal of Public Health. 2005;49(2):102-3.

Ramesh C. Gynaecological morbidity and treatment seeking behaviour in South India: Evidence from the Reproductive and Child Health survey. 1998-1999.

Muyinda H, Seeley J, Pickering H, Barton T. Social aspects of AIDS-related stigma in rural Uganda. Health place. 1997;3:143-7.