The study of social-demographic and other determinants of hypertension in a rural population of North India, Delhi, India

Madhan K. Velu, Gajendara S. Meena, Rajesh Kumar, Mirudula K. Daga, Gopala K. Ingle


Background: Hypertension is emerging as a major public health problem in India and also increasing in rural population.

Methods: The Community based Cross-sectional study was carried out during the year 2014 in rural area of Delhi, with the objectives to estimate the prevalence of Hypertension and to identify associated socio-demographic and other determinants.

Results: Prevalence of Hypertension in rural population was found to be 21.2%; in men was 23.1% and in women it was 19.2% in the population age 20 years and above. Age, BMI, high salt-Intake, alcohol consumption, family history of hypertension was found to be significantly associated with hypertension.

Conclusions: Based on high prevalence, it is recommended that a basic protocol for screening of hypertension should be made for rural population which can be used for prevention, early diagnosis, and for prevention of complications.


Hypertension, Prevalence, Socio demographic factors, Rural, Delhi

Full Text:



Chockalingam A, Campbell NR, Fodor JG. Worldwide epidemic of hypertension. Can J Cardiol. 2006;22(7):553-5.

Pereria M, Lunet N, Azevedo A, Barros H. Differences in prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension between developing and developed countries. J Hypertens. 2009;27(5):963-75.

Gupta R. Trends in hypertension epidemiology in India. J Hum Hypertens. 2004;18:73-8.

Rodgers A, Lawes C, MacMahon S. Reducing the global burden of blood pressure-related cardiovascular disease. J Hypertens Suppl. 2000;18:S3-6.

World Health Organization. A Global Brief of Hypertension. Geneva: WHO. 2013:40.

Sanjeet P, Chaturvedi S, Saini NK, Rajnish A, Syed S, Abhishek S. Current Status of the ‘rule of halves’ of hypertension. A survey among the residents of Slum Resettlement colony from east Delhi. Healthline pISSN. 2013;4(2):6970.

Physical status: The use and interpretation of anthropometry. Technical report series. Geneva: World Health Organization. 1995. Report No. 854.

Shankar RD, Arlappa N. Updated Prasad SES Classification. Int J Res Dev Health. 2013;1(2):26-8.

Midha T, Idris MZ, Saran RK, Srivastava AK, Singh SK. A study on the association between hypertensive status and Anthropometric correlates in the Adult Population of Lucknow District, India. Indian J Prev. Soc. Med. 2009;40(1):49-54.

Jonas JB, Nangia V, Matin A, Joshi PP, Ughade SN. Prevalence, awareness, control and awareness of arterial hypertension in a rural Central Indian population: the Central India Eye and Medical Study. Am J Hypertens. 2010;23(4):347-50.

Meshram I, Laxmaiah A, Mallikharjun RK, Arlappa N, Balkrishna N, Reddy CG. Prevalence of hypertension and its correlates among Adult Tribal Population (≥ 20 years) of Maharashtra state, India. Int J Health Sci Res. 2014;4(1):130-9.

Satish T, Kannan S, Sarma PS, Razum O, Thankappan KR. Incidence of hypertension and its risk factors in rural Kerala, India: a community base cohort study. Public Health. 2012;126(1):25-32.

Todkar SS, Gujarathi VV, Tapare VS. Period prevalence and socio-demographic factors of hypertension in rural Maharashtra: A cross-sectional study. Indian J Community Med. 2009;34:183-7.

Kokiwar PR, Gupta SS. Prevalence of Hypertension in a rural community of Central India. Int J Biomed Res. 2011;2:950-3.

Shantirani CS, Pradeepa R, Deepa R, Premlata G, Saroja R, Mohan V. Prevalence and risk factors of hypertension in a selected South Indian Population. The Chennai Urban Population Study. J Assoc Physicians India. 2003;51:20-7.

Kaur P, Rao SR, Radhakrishnan E, Rajasekar D, Gupte MD. Prevalence, awareness, treatment, control and risk factors for hypertension in a rural population in South India. Int J Public Health. 2012;57(1):87-94.

Rajasekar VD, Krishnagopal L, Mittal A, Singh Z, Purty AJ, Binu VS. Prevalence and risk factors for hypertension in a rural area of Tamil Nadu, South India. Indian J Med Spec. 2012;3:12-7.

Kannan L, Satyamoorthy TS. An epidemiological study of hypertension in a rural household community. Sri Ramachandra J Med. 2009;29-33.

Pooja MY. Prevalence of hypertension among rural population of Doiwala Block, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India. Recent Research in Science and Technology. 2013;5(1):21-4.

Saxena K, Vartika S, Yogesh S. Bio-social factors associated with hypertension in hilly population of Tehri. Indian J Community Health. 2011;23(2).

Ghosh A, Sarkar D, Mukherji B, Pal R. Prevalence and risk correlates of hypertension among adult rural population of Bihar. Asian J Biomed Pharm Sci. 2013;6:71-5.