Epidemiological profile of ocular morbidities in age group of 20 year and above at field practice area of rural health training center: a cross sectional study

Rupali R. Rajput, Shashikant R. Pawar


Background: Ocular morbid conditions are responsible for partial or total blindness. Blindness due to ocular morbidities with its economic and social consequences represents a serious public health problem in different region of the world. According to the World Health Organization; 285 million people are estimated to be visually impaired worldwide: 39 million are blind and 246 million have low vision. The study has to be done to determine the prevalence of blindness and common ocular morbidities in age groups of 20 years and above and to study the distribution patterns of ocular morbidities among different socio-demographic conditions.

Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted to find the prevalence of blindness and other ocular morbidities among adult population of 20 years and above, and also to study determinants of ocular morbidities.

Results: Prevalence of blindness was found to be (2.33%) and prevalence for ocular morbidities was found to be (36.84%) in the population with a marginal higher prevalence in females (38.72%) as compared to the males (34.98%).In present study, out of 600 study subject, 221 (36.84%) suffered ocular morbidities. The major cause of morbidities was refractive errors (53.39%), followed by cataract (35.74%), conjunctivitis (1.80%). The prevalence of ocular morbidities in the age group 20-29 year was 11.12%, then it increases significantly (p<0.01) with advancing age to 74.21% in the age group of ≥60 years.

Conclusions: Increasing age showed increasing prevalence of ocular morbidity. Widows/widower, Hindu religion, Individuals from nuclear family, skilled worker showed higher prevalence of ocular morbidity.


Ocular morbidities, Visual impairment, Socio-demographic

Full Text:



Segre L, Bagi S. Eye Anatomy: Parts of the Eye, All about vision. California, America, AAV Media, LLC, 1010 Turquoise Street, Suite 275, San Diego, California, 2016, [About 1 screen]. Available at: Accessed on 10 September 2016.

Thylefors B. Avoidable blindness.World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. Director Disability, Injury Prevention and Rehabilitation, World Health Organization; 1999;77(6):453.

Causes of blindness and visual impairment. Prevention of Blindness and Visual Impairment/part; Bull World Health Organ, Geneva Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2016. Available at: en/. Accessed on 15 June 2015.

Kishore J. National Programme for Control of Blindness. 4th ed. Century Publications; National Health Programmes of India, New Delhi; 2002: 168-175.

Shrote VK, Thakre SS, Thakre SB, Brahmapurkar KP, Giri VC. Study of Some Epidemiological Determinants of Ocular Morbid Conditions in The Rural Area Of Central India. IOSR J Dental Med Sci. 2012;2(1):34-8.

Singh A, Dwivedi S, Dabral SB, Bihari V, Rastogi AK, Kumar D. Ocular morbidity in rural areas of Allahabad, India. Nepal J Ophthalmol. 2012;4(7):49-53.

Haq I, Khan Z, Khalique N, Amir A, Jilani FA, Zaidi M. Prevalence of Common Ocular Morbidities in Adult Population of Aligarh. Indian J Community Med. 2009;34(3):195-201.

Chadha S, Kumar S, Singh JV, Sehgal S, Baijal V, Raghav SK. Prevalence of Ocular Morbidities and its Socio-demographic correlates in an urban slum of western Uttar Pradesh, India. Indian J Community Health. 2016;28(2):174-8.

Khurana AK, Sikka KL, Parmar IP, Aggarwal SK. Ocular morbidity among school children in Rohtak City. Indian J Public Health. 1984;28(4):217-20.

Agrawal D, Singh JV, Garg SK, Chopra H, Roy R, Chaturvedi M. Current trends in eye diseases and its correlates in an urban population. Indian J Community Health. 2015;27(1):41-5.

Khadse A, Narlawar U, Humne A, Ughade S, Dhanorkar A, Wankhede K. Prevalence of ocular morbidities and its correlates in an urban slum of central India. Health sciences: An Int J. 2014;4(1):6-12.