Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice among B.Sc. Nursing students towards care of HIV/AIDS patients at Geetanjali College of Nursing, Udaipur: a cross sectional study

Divya Jain, Hemlata Mittal, Mukul Dixit, Jyoti Jain, Sachin Sharma, Anmol Khandelwal, Amit Kumar


Background: HIV and AIDS is a matter of concern because the number of cases has increased dramatically over the last ten years. Health care workers are key players in the prevention and management of HIV-infection. The perceptions regarding Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/AIDS and practices among the Health Care Workers (HCW) exists many misconceptions with regard to HIV/AIDS. Many health workers are not willing to provide the necessary care and services to the HIV/AIDS infected patients. Health Care Workers need to have appropriate knowledge and attitudes about HIV and AIDS.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted at Geetanjali College of Nursing, Udaipur from June 2014 to August 2014 among randomly selected 100 B.Sc. Nursing Students on a pretested, precoded and prestructured self administered questionnaire included sections on knowledge, attitude, and practice toward HIV/AIDS after having oral/ written consent.

Results: In this study, there were 58 (58.0%) males and 42 (42.0%) females. 97 (97.0%) assumed multiple sex partners is the reason for HIV transmission. 68 (68.0%) had no objection in doing the work with HIV positive staff and 51 (51.0%) were aware about the transplacental route of transmission of HIV. As well as 67 (67.0%) were in favour of early sex education.

Conclusions: With the above findings it has to be state that there are gaps in the knowledge of Nursing Students about HIV infection, additional HIV/AIDS training for health staff as well as sensitization to the various aspects of disease through an active health education programme is crucial to control the HIV epidemic. There is also a need of reconstruction in nursing curriculum programmes to ensure that the nursing students have to gain the necessary accurate knowledge and appropriate attitudes about HIV and AIDS.


Sensitization, HIV/AIDS, Prevalence

Full Text:



Steve "HIV scars India". USA Today, 2005.

Goel NK. An explorative KABP study on AIDS among nursing professionals. Indian J Prev Soc Med. 1999;30:79-83.

Foreman M, Lyra P, Breinbauer C. Understanding and responding to HIV/AIDS-related stigma and stigma and discrimination in the health care sector. Washington, D.C.: Pan American Health Organization [PAHO]; 2003: 56

Henry KC. Campbell S, Willenbring, K. A cross-sectional analysis of variables impacting on AIDS related knowledge, attitudes and behaviors among employees of a Minnesota teaching hospital. AIDS Educ Prev. 1990;2:36-47.

Passannante MR, French J, Louria DB. How much do health care providers know about AIDS? Am J Prey Med. 1993,9:6-14.

Deccan Herald. Available at: http://www.

Zee news. Available at: http://zeenews.india. com/news/health/health-news/bill-to-end-hiv/aids-discrimination-introduced-in-rajya-sabha_26637.html

Katira JM, Dutt D, Tolia PB, Chatterjee P. Impact of Training, on Perceptions and Practices Related to Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, on Male Health Workers in Rajkot District, Gujarat. Indian Journal of Community Med. 2007;32(2):128-30.

Adelikan ML. A study on KAP of health care provider in Nigeria. AIDS Care. 1995;7:63-72.

Haroun D, El Saleh O, Wood L, Mechli R, Al Marzouqi N, Anouti S. Assessing Knowledge of, and Attitudes to, HIV/AIDS among University Students in the United Arab Emirates. PLoS One. 2016;11:e0149920.

Belle JA, Ferriera SB, Jordaan A. Attitude of Lesotho health care workers towards HIV/AIDS and impact of HIV/AIDS on the population structure: Afr Health Sci. 2013;13(4):1117–25.