DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20175791

A cross sectional study on prevalence of hypertension and its associated risk factors among rural adults in Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu

T. K. Raja, T. Muthukumar, Anisha Mohan P.

Abstract


Background: Hypertension is one of the non-communicable diseases, which is an important global public health problem and also the most leading cause for cardiovascular disease in both developed and developing countries. The aim and objectives of the study were to estimate the prevalence of hypertension and to assess the associated risk factors among adults of rural population.

Methods: A community based cross sectional study was done on 225 study subjects, using systemic random sampling method at Kancheepuram district, Tamil Nadu.

Results: The study included 225 participants of which 53% were male and 47% were female. The overall prevalence of hypertension among the study population was 26.2%. Risk among male was greater than female (OR=1.390). Factors like age, body mass index, diet, family history of hypertension had significant association (p<0.05) with hypertension.

Conclusions: Regular screening for hypertension among adults should be done in the general OPD as well as in health camps so that they have a knowledge regarding their own blood pressure status. Among those who already have hypertension, anti -hypertensive drugs, timely blood pressure check-up, screening for cardio vascular diseases and self-care management of hypertension need to be promoted. 


Keywords


Hypertension, Prevalence, Risk factors, Rural adults

Full Text:

PDF

References


Singh R, Sinha RK, Mani C, Singh R, Pal R. Burden and vulnerability of hypertension in a rural population of Patna, Bihar, India. South East Asia J Public Health. 2013;1(1):53-8.

Kearney PM, Whelton M, Reynolds K, Muntner P, Whelton PK, He J. Global burden of hypertension: analysis of worldwide data. The Lancet. 2005;365(9455):217-23.

Gupta R. Trends in hypertension epidemiology in India. J Human Hypertension. 2004;18(2):73-8.

Sagare SM, Rajderkar S, Girigosavi B. Certain modifiable risk factors in essential hypertension: a case-control study. National J Community Med. 2011;2(1):9-13.

Khanam MA, Limdeboom W, Razzaque A, Niessen L, Milton AH. Prevalence and determinants of pre-hypertension and hypertension among the adults in rural Bangladesh: findings from a community-based study. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:203.

Prabakaran J, Vijayalakshmi N, VenkataRao E. Prevalence of hypertension among urban adult population (25-64 years) of Nellore, India. Int J Res Dev Health. 2013;1(2):42-9.

Sundar J, Adaikalam J, Parameswari S, Valarmarthi S, Kalpana S, Shantharam D. Prevalence and Determinants of Hypertension among Urban School Children in the Age Group of 13-17 Years in, Chennai, Tamilnadu. IOSR J Dental Med Sci. 2013;8(3):14-20.

Govindan R, Kumar V, Dolly, Basha ISG, Rahul KV, Singh RR. Prevalence of Pre-hypertension and Hypertension in Rural Tamil Nadu Populations – A Pilot Study Report from Pandithamedu of Paiyanoor Village of Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu, India. International journal of emerging trends and technology in computer science-special edition NCASG, 2013.

Hasan I, Ali M, Hussain M. Prevalence of hypertension among population of SultanpurKunhari and its surrounding area, Haridwar, Uttarakhand, India. Int Res J Pharma. 2012;3:310-4.

Alam MN, Soni GP, Jain KK, Verma S, Panda PS. Prevalence and determinants of hypertension in elderly population of Raipur city, Chhattisgarh. Int J Res Med Sci. 2015;3(3):568-73.

Srikanth J, Kulkarni S. Hypertension in elderly: prevalence and health care seeking pattern in an urban slum of bangalore city. 2015;6(3):2952-7.

Gupta G, Arya R. Prevalence, risk factors and socio demographic co-relates of adolescent hypertension in District Ghaziabad. Indian J Community Health. 2013;25(3):293-8.

Kokiwar PR, Gupta SS, Durge PM. Prevalence of hypertension in a rural community of central India. J Assoc Physicians India. 2012;60:26-9.

Sachdev B. Prevalence of hypertension and associated risk factors among Nomad Tribe groups. Physical Anthropol. 2011;7:181-9.

Malhotra P, Kumari S, Kumar R, Jain S, Sharma B. Prevalence and determinants of hypertension in an un-industrialised rural population of North India. J Human Hypertension. 1999;13(7):467-72.

Khan RJ, Stewart CP, Christian P, Schulze KJ, Wu L, LeClerq SC, et al. A cross-sectional study of the prevalence and risk factors for hypertension in rural Nepali women. BMC Public Health. 2013;13(1):55.

Trailokya A, Patel K, Dalvi K. Management Practices in Hypertension: Results of WIN-OVER—A Pan India Registry. 2015;9(5):422.

Manimunda SP, Sugunan AP, Benegal V, Balakrishna N, Rao MV, Pesala KS. Association of hypertension with risk factors & hypertension related behaviour among the aboriginal Nicobarese tribe living in Car Nicobar Island, India. Indian J Med Res. 2011;133:287-93.

Bartwal J, Awasthi S, Rawat CMS, Singh RK. Prevalence of hypertension and its risk factors among individuals attending outpatient department of rural health training centre, Haldwani. Indian J Community Health. 2014;26(1):76-81.

Mahajan H, Kazi Y, Sharma B, Velhal G. Assessment of KAP, risk factors and associated co-morbidities in hypertensive patients. IOSR J Dental Med Sci. 2012;1(2):6-14.

Rajasekar VD, Krishnagopal L, Mittal A, Singh Z, Purty AJ, Binu V, et al. Prevalence and risk factors for hypertension in a rural area of Tamil Nadu, South India. Indian J Med Specialities. 2012;3(1):12-7.