DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20175102
Published: 2017-11-23

A cross sectional study on prevalence of obesity among bus drivers of Metropolitan Transport Corporation Limited, Chennai

Sasikaladevi S. Singaravel, Elayaraja K. Kandaswamy

Abstract


Background: The job of bus driving involves several health risks. Both individual behaviours and work environmental variables contribute to higher obesity prevalence and risk of excess weight gain in this occupational group. This study has been planned to study the prevalence of obesity among bus drivers and to make recommendations to prevent obesity among bus drivers.

Methods: The study was planned among bus drivers of the bus depots of Metropolitan Transport Corporation Limited, Chennai between January 2014 and June 2014. The sample size was calculated based on the assumption where the prevalence was 50%. Considering Confidence level of 95%, absolute precision of 5% with 10% excess sampling to account for non- response, the sample size derived was 422. Multistage sampling method was used. The required information was obtained by means of validated questionnaire and also by anthropometric measurements.

Results: The mean age of the respondents was 42.32yrs. 41% of respondents were overweight. 14.5% of the respondents were found to be obese. Of the obese 22.7% were in the age group of above 50 yrs. There was found to be a statistical significance between age and obesity with a chi square value of 13.60 and a p value of less than 0.001.

Conclusions: There was a significant association between age and obesity among bus drivers. There was also vast scope to avoid health risk factors by routine exercise, having regular diet and rest. With the help of experts of yoga, meditation, physical educationist, gymnasium experts etc. the drivers may be given counselling as to how to maintain the body mass index. 


Keywords


Obesity, Bus drivers, Metropolitan Transport Corporation Limited, Chennai

Full Text:

PDF

References


Whitelegg J. Health of Professional Drivers: Report for Transport & General Workers Union. Eco-Logica Ltd; 1995.

Winkleby MA, Ragland DR, Fisher JM, Syme SL. Excess risk of sickness and disease in bus drivers: a review and synthesis of epidemiological studies. Int J Epidemiol. 1988;17(2):255-62.

Danmarks statistiks trykkeri. Statistical reports of the Nordic countries: occupational mortality in the Nordic countries 1971–80. Copenhagen, Denmark: Statistiks trykkeri; 1988: 29.

Tse JLM, Flin R, Mearns K. Bus driver well-being review: 50 years of research. Transportation Research Part F. 2006;9:89–114.

French SA, Story M, Jeffery RW. Environmental influences on eating and physical activity. Annu Rev Public Health. 2001;22:309–335.

Hedberg GE, Jacobsson KA, Janlert U, Langendoen S. Risk indicators of ischemic heart disease among male professional drivers in Sweden. Scand J Work Environ Health. 1993;19(5):326-33.

Lwanga SK, Lemeshow S. Sample size determination in health studies, A practical manual, World Health Organisation, Geneva. 1991: 25.

Park K. Park’s text book of preventive and social medicine. 22nd edition. 2013: 369.

Izadi N, Malek M, Aminian O, Saraei M. Medical risk factors of diabetes mellitus among professional drivers. J Diabetes Metabolic Disorders. 2013;12(1):23.

Sabari HR, Moravveji AR, Fakharian E, Kashanil MM, Dehdashti AR. Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in bus and truck drivers in Kashan. Iran Diabetol Metabolic Syndrome. 2011;3:8.

Mohebbi I, Saadat S, Aghassi M, Shekari M, Matinkhah M, Sehat S. Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Iranian Professional Drivers: Results from a Population Based Study of 12,138 Men. PLoS One. 2012;7(2):e31790.