Prevalence and factors associated with anaemia among pregnant women in rural Mysore, Karnataka, India

Hugara Siddalingappa, Narayana Murthy M. R., Ashok N. C.


Background: Under nutrition of pregnant women has been an important aspect of maternal health. Anemia is one of the important conditions which have to be screened among them. If not treated, it can lead to maternal and foetal complications sometimes ending in death. Anemia can also indicate the operational efficiency of Maternal and Child Health facilities in the community. Objective of the study was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with anemia among pregnant women in rural field practice area of a private Medical College.

Methods: This cross sectional community based study was conducted in Hadinaru primary health centre (PHC), of Mysore district for a period of 6 months (June to November 2011). Pregnant women who delivered between Janauary to December 2010 and were permanent residents of the villages under Hadinaru PHC were included in the study. These mothers were visited at their home and information was collected using pre-structured questionnaire. Lab reports and antenatal check-up details were referred wherever available.

Results: 314 mothers were covered in the study out of which 196 were anemic (62.4%). Mild anemia was seen in 52.0% women and 11.0% had moderate anemia. Weight gain during pregnancy and menstrual problems of mothers were significantly associated with anemia during pregnancy.

Conclusions: The prevalence of anaemia among pregnant women was found to be 62.4%. Even though there were no cases of severe anaemia, mild and moderate degree anemics were in significant number.


Anemia, Pregnant women, Mysore, India

Full Text:



UNICEF; Child Undernutrition in India: A Gender Issue. Story/ 108/Child-Undernutrition-in-India- A-Gender-Issue. accessed on 1-4-2016.

Seshadri S, Sharma K, Raj AE, Thekore B, Saiyed F. Iron supplementation to control pregnancy anaemia. Proc Nutr Soc India. 1994;41:131-40.

Sood SK, Ramachandran K, Mathur M, Gupta K, Ramalingaswami V, Swaranbai TC, et al. W.H.O. sponsored collaborative studies on nutritional anaemia in India. The effects of supplemental oral iron administration to pregnant women. Q J Med. 1975;44:241-58.

Bentley ME, Griffiths PL. The burden of anemia among women in India European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2003;57:52-60.

Lokare PO, Karanjekar VD, Gattani PL, Kulkarni AP. A study of prevalence of anemia and sociodemographic factors associated with anemia among pregnant women in Aurangabad city, India; Annals of Nigerian Medicine. 2012;6(1):30-5.

Sarin AR. Severe anaemia of pregnancy: recent experience. J Gynaecol Obstetr. 1995;50(suppl)27:545-9.

Gillespie S, Johnston J. Expert Consultation on Anemia Determinants and Interventions. Ottawa: The Micronutrient Initiative. 1998.

Kumar KJ, Asha N, Murthy DS, Sujatha MS, Manjunath VG. Maternal Anemia in Various Trimesters and its Effect on Newborn Weight and Maturity: An Observational Study. Int J Prev Med. 2013;4(2):193-9.

Government of India (sample registration system). Maternal mortalityin India: 1997-2003, Trends, causes and risk factors. Register General India, New Delhi in collaboration with Centre for Global Health Research University of Toranto, Canada.

Haemoglobin concentrations for the diagnosis of anaemia and assessment of severity vmnis/ indicators/ haemoglobin.pdf accessed on 2-12-2019

Toteja GS, Singh P, Dhillon BS, Saxena BN. Micronutrient deficiency disorders in 16 districts of India –Part 1 Report of ICMR task force study. District Nutrition Project. Ansari nagar, New Delhi: Indian Council of Medical Research; 2001.

Ahmad MO, Kalsoom U, Sughra U, Hadi U, Imran M. Effect of maternal anaemia on birth weight. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2011;23(1):77-9.

Lone FW, Qureshi RN, Emanuel F. Maternal anaemia and its impact on perinatal outcome. Trop Med Int Health. 2004;9(4):486-90.

Diane Coffey. Prepregnancy body mass and weight gain during pregnancy in India and sub-Saharan Africa. Office of Population Research, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540 available at ystem/f iles/ research/ documents/PNAS-2015-Coffey-1416964112.pdf. (accessed on 10-07-2016).